Revision 1 as of 2009-06-11 12:31:14

Clear message


Move to GRUB 2 as the default boot loader.

This should provide an overview of the issue/functionality/change proposed here. Focus here on what will actually be DONE, summarising that so that other people don't have to read the whole spec. See also CategorySpec for examples.

Release Note

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It is mandatory.


This should cover the _why_: why is this change being proposed, what justifies it, where we see this justified.

User stories



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This section should describe a plan of action (the "how") to implement the changes discussed. Could include subsections like:

UI Changes

Should cover changes required to the UI, or specific UI that is required to implement this

Code Changes

Code changes should include an overview of what needs to change, and in some cases even the specific details.



  • data migration, if any
  • redirects from old URLs to new ones, if any
  • how users will be pointed to the new way of doing things, if necessary.

Test/Demo Plan

It's important that we are able to test new features, and demonstrate them to users. Use this section to describe a short plan that anybody can follow that demonstrates the feature is working. This can then be used during testing, and to show off after release. Please add an entry to http://testcases.qa.ubuntu.com/Coverage/NewFeatures for tracking test coverage.

This need not be added or completed until the specification is nearing beta.

Unresolved issues

This should highlight any issues that should be addressed in further specifications, and not problems with the specification itself; since any specification with problems cannot be approved.

BoF agenda and discussion

Capture of meeting discussion 27/05/2009 12:00-13:00 UDS Barcelona

* Some minor issues to fix, e.g. tidy up config updates

* grub1 -> grub2 upgrade

 Go for chainloading grub2 in the upgrade
 Grub 2 for new installation
 Karmic +1 to drop grub 1?

 Make update-grub only update grub2 

 Do automatic change to grub 2:

   - detect chainloaded from grub 1
   - then install grub 2 
        change menu.lst in grub 1 - with zero timeout and chainload grub2

    leave stage1.5 (don't scrub it)
    - grub loads grub stage 1.5 (in 32K start of partition)
    - then loads grub stage 2 from fs
    - then chainloads grub2 (2nd stage)

    Note: do not remove grub stage1.5 + stage2

   - device map (hdX,Y) may not 100% correct on some systems

  * purge process of grub1 removes menu.list - this is an issue that needs fixing.
   - dependency issues:
     make sure post rm is removed from grub
     grub-pc replaces grub
     use breaks to stop clobbering of menu.list on purge
 * LVM:
    - currently grub cannot boot from /boot for LVM, needs to use lilo.
    - check if grub2 can boot /boot LVM - and hence remove the need for the lilo on ISO 

 * xfs:  grub2 was known to have race condition installing grub - check racy code is now fixed

 * grub2 EFI/UEFI 
   Mac and x86 PC with EFI support needs checking
   need to check EFI bootloaders on x86 H/W when we get the hardware
* PPC OpenFirmware?

* Modifying the default boot options (e.g. default OS to boot and timeouts) once booted to change bootup next time around:

  legacy grub has grub-reboot and grub-setdefault to change boot. Can this be achieved in grub2?  grub2 seems to
  provide ability to do this but had different commands to do this.

  e.g. for reboot - show menu, for failed kernels

    - for single shot mode - do once, go back to default mode thereafter
    - e.g. for last good boot

* Boot key
  user holds key - e.g. press shift shows menu, otherwise just continue boot process
  Make sure we use different key in grub2 from that in usplash:
    grub 1 - timeout and escape
    grub 2 - shift, alt, control, (should not use alt, Apple Macs)
          make sure grub2 uses shift to get into grub2 menu
    usplash - use a different key

* Older Hardware:

 - grub2 - test on Certification Farm
 - xubuntu - ask community to test as they probably have more legacy Hardware
 - debian
 - get community to test https://wiki.ubuntu.com/KernelTeam/Grub2Testing

See also

Previous (misnamed) specification in this series: FoundationsTeam/Specs/Grub2ByDefault

Kernel team testing page