|Deletions are marked like this.||Additions are marked like this.|
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|The ACPI _BST Method returns the present
battery status. Whenever the status changes, a SCI interrupt is
generated and the OS is notified. Then the OS (kernel) can evaluate the
_BST method and it get the current battery state.
|The ACPI _BST Method returns the present battery status, i.e battery state (charging/discharging), current, voltage and remaining capacity. As defined in ACPI spec, a SCI interrupt is generated when battery state is changed, and the OS is notified and evaluates the _BST method. The battery status is updated from the EC.|
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|This information is available in /proc/acpi/battery/*/state, on my
|This information is available in /proc/acpi/battery/*/state, on my machine:|
ACPI Battery Methods
(Control Method) Batteries and ACPI are tied together in quite a complex way. Generally, the battery state information is transmitted over a SMBUS bus to the embedded controller, a.k.a. EC, which in turn interfaces to the OS via ACPI methods. These methods can interrogate the embedded controller for battery state information and the embedded controller is able to generate a SCI when state changes.
i.e. Battery <-- EC <--> BIOS ACPI Methods <--> OS
- EC reads battery information and status from a battery.
- EC generates a SCI to BIOS/OS.
- OS reads via ACPI methods, which query data from EC.
For reference, Section 10 of version 4.0a of the ACPI specification describes in detail the Smart Battery operation.
Static Information: _BIF and _BIX
The ACPI _BIF or _BIX ACPI methods returns to the OS the static (non-changing) information about the battery, such as model number, serial number, design volatage, capacity warning level, capacity low level, etc. This appears in the information presented in /proc/acpi/battery/*/info, e.g. on my machine:
cat /proc/acpi/battery/BAT1/info present: yes design capacity: 5100 mAh last full capacity: 5100 mAh battery technology: rechargeable design voltage: 11100 mV design capacity warning: 420 mAh design capacity low: 156 mAh cycle count: 0 capacity granularity 1: 264 mAh capacity granularity 2: 3780 mAh model number: PA3465U serial number: 3658Q battery type: Li-Ion OEM info: COMPAL
Design capacity of warning refers to a trip point that users should be notified that a battery is soon running out; design capacity of low refers a trip point that a battery is almost drained, and certain actions may be taken, ex. a system will enter S4 state soon to avoid data loss.
If one is seeing a machine shutdown because of low battery reports then check that _BIF or _BIX return sane values. It is probable that the design capacity of low is too high. If it is, this needs to be fixed in the packages that the _BIF (or _BIX) method returns.
The firmware test suite in Natty can be used to extract the _BIF or _BIX values by running the following command:
sudo fwts method - > methods.log
and then look for the _BIF or _BIX test results, e.g.:
00047 method Test 12 of 69: Check _BIF (Battery Information). 00048 method Package has 13 elements: 00049 method 00: INTEGER: 0x00000001 00050 method 01: INTEGER: 0x00000fa0 00051 method 02: INTEGER: 0x00000fa0 00052 method 03: INTEGER: 0x00000001 00053 method 04: INTEGER: 0x00002b5c 00054 method 05: INTEGER: 0x000001a4 00055 method 06: INTEGER: 0x0000009c 00056 method 07: INTEGER: 0x00000108 00057 method 08: INTEGER: 0x00000ec4 00058 method 09: STRING: 0xPA3465U 00059 method 10: STRING: 0x3658Q 00060 method 11: STRING: 0xLi-Ion 00061 method 12: STRING: 0xCOMPAL
Element 05 in the package contains the "design capacity warning" level and element 06 contains the "design capacity low" level, so check these.
The ACPI _BST Method returns the present battery status, i.e battery state (charging/discharging), current, voltage and remaining capacity. As defined in ACPI spec, a SCI interrupt is generated when battery state is changed, and the OS is notified and evaluates the _BST method. The battery status is updated from the EC.
This information is available in /proc/acpi/battery/*/state, on my machine:
cat /proc/acpi/battery/BAT1/state present: yes capacity state: ok charging state: charged present rate: 0 mA remaining capacity: 5100 mAh present voltage: 11100 mV
These information should change whenever a battery is being charged or discharged. Everytime it changes one should see a SCI interrupt occur by looking to see if the SCI count increases in /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts/sci
The firmware test suite contains a test to check for battery charging state and events, use it as follows:
sudo fwts battery - > battery.log
and see what the battery.log says when the tests are complete.