The Testing Team is responsible for using formal test cases to check images of Lubuntu. This allows the Release Manager to easily gauge the health of the images. This makes it possible to tell whether an image is functional enough to justify a release and determine where resources need to be allocated to make sure an image gets released.
Testing is split into distinct, but joined areas. The Daily Builds, Milestone releases, and specific testing.
To not get overly complicated, think of it as that we have a schedule to keep to. A few days before a Milestone is due, the daily is plucked and becomes the QA (Quality Assurance) test version for the Milestone release. Once it is confirmed that the QA version works, it then becomes the Milestone.
Meanwhile, daily images should be tested to give us an early warning notice of any problems that could affect Milestone releases. This also gives us an opportunity to do more heavy testing to discover any bugs we hadn't noticed before.
- Ubuntu has dropped the amd64+mac image altogether. If you have an affected machine, just use the amd64 image. If you have troubles, please make sure you have the latest firmware update for your machine and then file a bug if there are still problems.
- We did not release a ppc image for 14.10 due to various issues. We are going to focus on supporting the architecture for LTS releases. Thus, we need to focus testing in two areas:
- Because we plan to include LXQt in the future and we are not sure of Qt support for ppc, daily testing (on release+1) will be essential.
- We will encourage ppc users to use LTS versions, so heavy testing should be done on the LTS dailies.
There are blueprints for 15.04. Keep watching there for the official plan and work to do this cycle, which will dictate our focus. The real question is whether or not LXQt will be included or not.
There is a prototype of Lubuntu with LXQT available. Info and instructions from the boss included. This is only for i386. If you need another architecture, you'll have to build from the lubuntu-dev PPA.
- Lubuntu 14.04 point releases are maintenance releases, do not expect too many changes.
- Lubuntu 14.10 is now released.
- Lubuntu 15.04 may include LXQt. Daily images are currently available.
Please do Join the main mailing lists so that you receive information about where Lubuntu is heading.
For Testing Questions, we ask that you join the lubuntu QA team so you can discuss bugs and proposed resolutions. You may also try the more general #ubuntu-quality or the often-offtopic #lubuntu-offtopic on Freenode IRC, but the mailing list is recommended.
These iso's are automatically generated every 24 hours using the latest updates on the system from the devs. They are available from ISO tracker. They are there to check that bugs that are resolved between the Milestone releases do not break the install. They also are used to confirm that any fix for a bug that seriously affects an initial install which is released for testing now works. Daily builds are suspended when pre-milestone testing is being carried out (see below).
Alpha, Beta and Final (formerly known as Release Candidates (RC)) are also tested using ISO tracker. If you want to help out in this important area of testing, please read through Procedures for further details. These appear a couple of days before the actual Milestone release so that we can check they are okay to become Milestone releases.
QA testing is to ensure the actual released install iso works, if you can, please get involved in the qa testing.
Once a Milestone release passes the QA testing, it becomes a Milestone Release and is listed on the Releases as such.
Note this also includes point releases on LTS versions. Basically, a point release brings in all the various bug fixes into one 'new' image. To get in to the build they have to pass SRU testing.
If you would to know more about how this all works, have a read of Stages of testing.
You can do more specific tests, like ones done for the Ubuntu ISO.
Laptops never cease to have their little 'quirks'. You can help on this important area by heading over to Laptop Testing for full details.
Applications test cases
You can also test specific programs :
You can test some aspects of Lubuntu performance with the following programs :
gtkperf : Test the performance of the gtk theme.
phoronix-test-suite: General benchmarks and test suite.
bootchart : Test boot process.
Sometimes during the test cycle one of the developers may ask you to test something specific for them, or their team. For more details of this important area, head over to PPA testing
There are now packages for LXDE components built from upstream git, and re-built when a new revision is committed. It's hosted on the daily build PPA for Lubuntu-dev, packages for currently supported releases plus the development release are available. If you are working on a Lubuntu bug, please do test with these ppa areas to check if it has been fixed upstream.
Before you get started
This section is dedicated to the current development version of Lubuntu. As with all alphas and betas they are not suitable for a production environment, please take the time to read Common Questions for Testing.
Whenever you are testing, keep in mind few notes:
Make sure to Backup your important data. If you are using Linux, the best and easier way is to make a copy of your /home folder or partition. If you want to do a full system backup, please see this link and this link too.
- Using a Development Release is not suitable for daily production machine.
- The more you break your installation, the better. That is why, to play it safe, better to use Virtual Machines, Spare Testing Machines and/or USB Drives, specially with Alpha 1 and Alpha 2. Beta Releases are a bit more stable but still under heavy development.
The most important part of testing is to actually install the system and check how the installation process will work. This is very important. Also, if you have say Alpha 1 installed, it is less helpful to just upgrade it to Alpha 2 or Beta 1. Please, do a fresh new install - you can either zsync your ISO or download again.
Finally, always remember: Better Safe Than Sorry
To save downloading the whole iso again for the testing version, simply copy your trusty image of what ever architecture replacing the old codename with the new one, e.g. 'trusty' with 'utopic' and use zsync.
Why does lubuntu have so many images?
As this question does get asked, there is a page here that explains it.
When images build
The Alternates take approximately 30 - 45 minutes to complete. The Desktops take approximately 90 minutes to complete.
Please note from the release team: Sure, as long as it's clear that it's subject to change - We're not intending to make any promises here. We won't change them around frivolously or anything but it's possible.
Rebuilding a Release Candidate
These are carried out manually, during this time the release team do update the notice panel. Please ask on #ubuntu-release if you have questions.
Within bugs related to lubuntu, you will see bugs raised by, or allocated to Julien Lavergne. Please feel free to add to the comments but do NOT alter the status of these bugs as they are being dealt with by our head of development in readiness for the fix being released.
Please head over to All about bugs for further information on how bug reporting works and why it is so important.
During the release cycle, things will get broken. You can really reduce these occurrences by taking the time to read Partial Upgrades.
All the known issues for a particular release are mentioned in the Announcement email, and are available to see at ISO Tracker.
Manual test of ISO and CD
Except for Ubuntu Server, Lubuntu is the only flavor supporting Power PCs. Please do join to help Lubuntu have a release for that system.
Some packages can be automatically installed, but are not wanted on a default installation. To find the package which automatically installed the package that you don't want :
- Install apt-rdepends
run "apt-rdepends -r --show=Depends the_unwanted_package" => It will show which packages depend on the_unwanted_package.
run "apt-rdepends -r --show=Recommends the_unwanted_package" => It will show which packages recommend the_package_unwanted (Recommended packages are installed by default).
- You may have to run the commands several times to see the complete chain of depends / recommends.
Jenkins runs automated tests. In particular, there's one that deals with Ubiquity that would be a good way to see if we're having problems with the Desktop ISO.