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{{About|the U.S. State of North Carolina}}

{{US state
|Name = North Carolina
|Fullname = State of North Carolina
|Flag = Flag of North Carolina.svg
|Flaglink = [[Flag of North Carolina|Flag]]
|Seal = North Carolina state seal.png
|Map = Map of USA NC.svg
|Nickname = [[Tar Heel]] State; {{nowrap|Old North State}}
|Motto = [[Esse quam videri]] (official); {{nowrap|[[Wright_brothers#Ohio.2FNorth_Carolina_rivalry|First in Flight]]}}
|MottoEng = To be, rather than to seem
|Former = Province of North Carolina
|LargestCity = [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]
|LargestCounty = [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]
|Old Capital = [[Fayetteville,North Carolina|Fayetteville]]
|Capital = [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]
|LargestMetro = [[Charlotte metropolitan area|Charlotte metro area]]
|Demonym = North Carolinian; Tar Heel (colloq.)
|Governor = [[Beverly Perdue]] ([[Democratic Party (United States)|D]])
|Lieutenant Governor = [[Walter H. Dalton]] (D)
|Senators = [[Richard Burr]] ([[Republican Party (United States)|R]])<br/>[[Kay Hagan]] ([[United States Democratic Party|D]])
|Representative=8 Democrats, 5 Republicans
|PostalAbbreviation = NC
|OfficialLang = English
|AreaRank = 28th
|TotalAreaUS = 53,865
|TotalArea = 139,509
|LandAreaUS = 48,748
|LandArea = 126,16
|hi coastline = 301
|WaterArea = 13,227
|PCWater = 9.5
|PopRank = 10th
|2000Pop = 9,380,884 (2009 est.)<ref name=09CenEst>{{cite web | title = Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 | publisher = United States Census Bureau | accessdate = 2010-01-04 | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2009-01.csv}}</ref>
|DensityRank = 15th
|2000DensityUS = 165.24
|2000Density = 63.80
|MedianHouseholdIncome = $44,670<ref name = MHI>[http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GRTTable?_bm=y&-_box_head_nbr=R1901&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-format=US-30&-CONTEXT=grt Median Household Income], from U.S. Census Bureau (from 2007 American Community Survey, [[U.S. Census Bureau]]. Retrieved 2009-04-09.</ref>
|IncomeRank = 38<sup>th</sup><ref name = MHI/>
|AdmittanceOrder = 12th
|AdmittanceDate = November 21, 1789
|TimeZone = [[Eastern Standard Time Zone|Eastern]]: [[UTC]]-5/[[Daylight saving time|-4]]
|Latitude = 33°&#8202;50′ N to 36°&#8202;35′ N
|Longitude = 75°&#8202;28′ W to 84°&#8202;19′ W
|WidthUS = 150
|Width = 340
|LengthUS = 560<ref>{{cite web |date=May 8, 2006 |url=http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/kidspg/geog.htm |title=North Carolina Climate and Geography |work=NC Kids Page |publisher=North Carolina Department of the Secretary of State |accessdate=2006-11-07}}</ref>
|Length = 900
|HighestPoint = [[Mount Mitchell (North Carolina)|Mt. Mitchell]]<ref name=usgs/>
|HighestElevUS = 6,684
|HighestElev = 2,038
|MeanElevUS = 705
|MeanElev = 215
|LowestPoint = Atlantic Ocean<ref name="usgs"/>
|LowestElevUS = 0
|LowestElev = 0
|ISOCode = US-NC
|ElectoralVotes = 15
|Website = www.nc.gov
[[Image:Map of North Carolina NA.png|thumb|325px|A map of North Carolina]]

'''North Carolina''' ({{IPAc-en|en-us-North Carolina.ogg|ˌ|n|ɔr|θ|_|k|ær|ə|ˈ|l|aɪ|n|ə}}) is a [[U.S. state|state]] located on the [[Atlantic Seaboard]] in the [[Mid-Atlantic]]. The state borders [[South Carolina]] and [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]] to the [[south]], [[Tennessee]] to the west and [[Virginia]] to the north. North Carolina contains [[List of counties in North Carolina|100 counties]]. Its capital is [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], and its largest city is [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]].
North Carolina was one of the English [[Thirteen Colonies]], and was originally known as [[Province of Carolina]]. [[Spain|Spanish]] colonial forces were the first to attempt to settle it, however, when the [[Juan Pardo (explorer)|Juan Pardo]]-led Expedition built [[Fort San Juan]] in 1567. This was sited at [[Joara]], a [[Mississippian culture]] regional [[chiefdom]] near present-day [[Morganton, North Carolina|Morganton]] in the western interior of the states.<ref>[http://www.warren-wilson.edu/~arch/berrysitepress/amerarchspring2008.pdf Constance E. Richards, "Contact and Conflict"], ''American Archaeologist'', Spring 2008, p.14, accessed 26 June 2008</ref> This was 20 years before the English established their first colony at [[Roanoke Island]] in an attempt to found a settlement in the [[Americas]].<ref>{{cite web|title=The Colony At Roanoke|publisher=The National Center for Public Policy Research|url=http://www.nationalcenter.org/ColonyofRoanoke.html|accessdate=2008-02-23}}</ref>

On May 20, 1861, North Carolina was one of the last of the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate states]] to declare secession from the [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]], to which it was restored on July 4, 1868. The state was the location of the first successful controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air flight, by the [[Wright brothers]], at [[Kill Devil Hills]], about {{convert|6.4|mi}} from [[Kitty Hawk, North Carolina|Kitty Hawk]] on December 17, 1903. It is a fast-growing state with an increasingly diverse economy and population. As of July 1, 2009, the population was estimated to be 9,380,884 (a 16.7% increase since April 1, 2000).<ref name=09CenEst/> Recognizing eight [[Native Americans in the United States|Native American]] tribes, North Carolina has the largest population of Native Americans of any state east of the Mississippi River.

North Carolina has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to {{convert|6684|ft}} in the mountains. The coastal plains are strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical zone. More than {{convert|300|mi|km|-2}} from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a [[subtropical highland climate]].

As of 2008, North Carolina was the fourth-fastest growing state in the [[United States of America|United States]] and the fastest growing state east of the [[Mississippi River]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-pop-chg.html US Census Bureau]</ref>

{{Main|Geography of North Carolina}}
[[Image:North carolina topographic.jpg|thumb|North Carolina topographic map]]
North Carolina is bordered by [[South Carolina]] on the south, [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]] on the southwest, [[Tennessee]] on the west, [[Virginia]] on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The [[United States Census Bureau]] classifies North Carolina as a [[Southern United States|southern]] state in the subcategory of being one of the [[South Atlantic States]].

North Carolina consists of three main geographic sections: the [[Atlantic Coastal Plain|coastal plain]], which occupies the eastern 45% of the state; the [[Piedmont (United States)|Piedmont]] region, which contains the middle 35%; and the [[Appalachian Mountains]] and [[Foothills (North Carolina)|foothills]]. The extreme eastern section of the state contains [[the Outer Banks]], a string of sandy, narrow islands which form a barrier between the Atlantic Ocean and inland waterways. The Outer Banks form two sounds&mdash;[[Albemarle Sound]] in the north and [[Pamlico Sound]] in the south. They are the two largest landlocked sounds in the United States.

Immediately inland, the coastal plain is relatively flat, with rich soils ideal for growing [[tobacco]], [[soybeans]], [[melons]], and [[cotton]]. The coastal plain is North Carolina's most [[rural]] section, with few large towns or cities. [[Agriculture]] remains an important industry. The major rivers of the coastal plain: the [[Neuse River|Neuse]], [[Tar River|Tar]], [[Pamlico River|Pamlico]], and [[Cape Fear River|Cape Fear]], tend to be slow-moving and wide.

[[Image:cullasaja.jpg|thumb|130px|left|[[Cullasaja Falls]] in [[Macon County, North Carolina|Macon County]]]]
The coastal plain transitions to the Piedmont region along the "[[fall line]]", a line which marks the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers. The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most urbanized and densely populated section. It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low mountain ridges. A number of small, isolated, and deeply eroded mountain ranges and peaks are located in the Piedmont, including the [[Sauratown Mountains]], [[Pilot Mountain (North Carolina)|Pilot Mountain]], the [[Uwharrie Mountains]], [[Crowder's Mountain]], [[King's Pinnacle]], the [[Brushy Mountains (North Carolina)|Brushy Mountains]], and the [[South Mountains (North Carolina)|South Mountains]]. The Piedmont ranges from about 300&ndash;400&nbsp;feet (90&ndash;120&nbsp;m) elevation in the east to over 1,000 feet (300&nbsp;m) in the west. Due to the rapid population growth of the Piedmont, many of the farms and much of the rural countryside in this region is being replaced by [[suburbanization]]: shopping centers, housing developments, and large corporate office parks. Agriculture is steadily declining in importance in this region. The major rivers of the Piedmont, such as the [[Yadkin River|Yadkin]] and [[Catawba River|Catawba]], tend to be fast-flowing, shallow, and narrow.

[[Image:HighlandsSkyline.JPG|thumb|upright|The [[Western North Carolina]] mountains as seen from Sunset Rock in [[Highlands, North Carolina]].]]
The [[Western North Carolina|western section]] of the state is part of the [[Appalachian Mountain]] range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the [[Great Smoky Mountains]], [[Blue Ridge Mountains]], [[Great Balsam Mountains]], and the [[Black Mountains (North Carolina)|Black Mountains]]. The Black Mountains are the highest in the Eastern United States, and culminate in [[Mount Mitchell (North Carolina)|Mount Mitchell]] at 6,684 feet (2,037&nbsp;m).<ref name="usgs">{{cite web |date=April 29, 2005
|url=http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest |title=Elevations and Distances in the United States |publisher=U.S Geological Survey |accessdate=2006-11-06}}</ref> It is the highest point east of the [[Mississippi River]]. Although agriculture remains important, [[tourism]] has become the dominant industry in the mountains. One agricultural pursuit which has prospered and grown in recent decades is the growing and selling of [[Christmas Trees]]. Due to the higher altitude of the mountains, the climate often differs markedly from the rest of the state. Winters in western North Carolina typically feature significant snowfall and subfreezing temperatures more akin to a midwestern state than a southern one.

North Carolina has 17 major river basins. Those west of the [[Blue Ridge Mountains]] flow to the Gulf of Mexico (via the Ohio and then the Mississippi River). All the others flow to the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 17 basins, 11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the state's borders - the Cape Fear, Neuse, White Oak and Tar-Pamlico.<ref>{{cite web|title=Watersheds|publisher=NC Office of Environmental Education|date=2007-02-16|url=http://www.eenorthcarolina.org/public/ecoaddress/riverbasins/riverbasinmapinteractive.htm|accessdate= }}</ref>

{{Main|Climate of North Carolina}}
The geographical divisions of North Carolina are useful when discussing the [[climate]] of the state.

The Coastal Plain is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean which keeps temperatures mild in winter and moderate in the summer. Daytime high temperatures on the coast average less than 89&nbsp;°F (31.6&nbsp;°C) during the summer. In the winter, the coast has the mildest temperatures in the state, with daytime temperatures rarely dropping below 40&nbsp;°F (4.4&nbsp;°C); the average daytime winter temperature in the coastal plain is usually in the mid-60's. Temperatures in the coastal plain rarely drop below freezing even at night. The coastal plain usually receives only one inch (2.5&nbsp;cm) of snow and/or ice annually, and in some years there may be no snow or ice at all.

[[Image:Bodie island lighthouse.jpg|thumb|left|upright|[[Bodie Island Lighthouse]], one of the [[Outer Banks]] attractions.]]
The Atlantic Ocean has less influence on the Piedmont region, and as a result the Piedmont has hotter summers and colder winters than the coast. Daytime highs in the Piedmont often average over 90&nbsp;°F (32.2&nbsp;°C) in the summer. While it is not common for temperatures to reach over 100&nbsp;°F (37.8&nbsp;°C) in North Carolina, when it happens, the highest temperatures are to be found in the lower areas of the Piedmont, especially around the city of [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]]. Additionally, the weaker influence of the Atlantic Ocean means that temperatures in the Piedmont often fluctuate more widely than the coast.

In the winter, the Piedmont is much less mild than the coast, with daytime temperatures that are usually in the mid 50's, and temperatures often drop below freezing at night. The region averages from 3&ndash;5&nbsp;inches of snowfall annually in the Charlotte area to 6&ndash;8&nbsp;inches in the Raleigh&ndash;Durham area. The Piedmont is especially notorious for [[Rain and snow mixed|sleet]] and [[freezing rain]]. It can be heavy enough in some storms to snarl traffic and collapse trees and power lines. Annual precipitation and humidity is lower in the Piedmont than either the mountains or the coast, but even at its lowest, the precipitation is a generous 40&nbsp;in (102&nbsp;cm) per year.

[[Image:Blowing Rock.jpg|thumb|upright|The [[Blue Ridge Mountains]] in the foreground with [[Grandfather Mountain]] in the extreme background as seen from [[Blowing Rock, North Carolina]].]]
The [[Appalachian Mountains]] are the coolest area of the state, with daytime temperatures averaging in the low 40's and upper 30's for highs in the winter and often falling into the teens (&minus;9&nbsp;°C) or lower on winter nights. Relatively cool summers have temperatures rarely rising above 80&nbsp;°F (26.7&nbsp;°C). Snowfall in the mountains is usually 14&ndash;20&nbsp;in (36&ndash;51&nbsp;cm) per year, but it is often greater in the higher elevations. For example, during the [[Blizzard of 1993]] more than {{convert|50|in|cm}} of snow fell on [[Mount Mitchell]] over a period of three days. Additionally, Mount Mitchell has received snow in every month of the year.

Severe weather occurs regularly in North Carolina. On average, the state receives a direct hit from a [[hurricane]] once a decade. Tropical storms arrive every 3 or 4 years. In some years, several hurricanes or tropical storms can directly strike the state or brush across the coastal areas. Only Florida and Louisiana are hit by hurricanes more often. Although many people believe that hurricanes menace only coastal areas, the rare hurricane which moves inland quickly enough can cause severe damage. In 1989 [[Hurricane Hugo]] caused heavy damage in [[Charlotte]] and even as far inland as the [[Blue Ridge Mountains]] in the northwestern part of the state. On average, North Carolina has 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year, with some storms becoming severe enough to produce [[hail]], [[flash flood]]s, and damaging winds.

North Carolina averages fewer than 20&nbsp;tornadoes per year. Many of these are produced by hurricanes or tropical storms along the coastal plain. Tornadoes from thunderstorms are a risk, especially in the eastern part of the state. The western piedmont is often protected by the mountains breaking storms up as they try to cross over them. The storms will often reform farther east. Also a weather feature known as "cold air damming" occurs in the western part of the state. This can also weaken storms but can also lead to major ice events in winter."<ref>{{cite web|title=NOAA National Climatic Data Center|url=http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/img/climate/research/tornado/small/avgt5304.gif|accessdate=2006-10-24}}</ref>

{| class="wikitable" "text-align:center;font-size:90%;"|
| colspan="13" style="text-align:center;font-size:120%;background:#E8EAFA;"|Monthly normal high and low temperatures ([[Fahrenheit]]) for various North Carolina cities.
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color: #000000" height="17" | City
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Jan
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Feb
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Mar
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Apr
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | May
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Jun
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Jul
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Aug
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Sep
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Oct
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Nov
! style="background: #E5AFAA; color:#000000;" | Dec
! style="background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Asheville
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 46/26
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 50/28
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 58/35
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 66/42
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 74/51
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 80/58
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 83/63
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 82/62
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 76/55
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 67/43
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 57/35
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 49/29
! style="background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Cape Hatteras
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 54/39
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 55/39
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 60/44
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 68/52
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 75/60
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 82/68
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 85/73
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 85/72
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 81/68
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 73/59
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 65/50
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 57/43
! style="background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Charlotte
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 51/32
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 56/34
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 64/42
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 73/49
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 80/58
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 87/66
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 90/71
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 88/69
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 82/63
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 73/51
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 63/42
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 54/35
! style="background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Fayetteville
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 52/31
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 56/33
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 64/39
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 73/47
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 80/56
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 87/65
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 90/70
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 89/69
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 83/63
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 74/49
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 65/41
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 56/34
! style="background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Greensboro
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 47/28
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 52/31
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 60/38
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 70/46
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 77/55
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 84/64
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 88/68
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 86/67
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 79/60
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 70/48
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 60/39
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 51/31
! style="background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Raleigh
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 50/30
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 54/32
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 62/39
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 72/46
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 79/55
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 86/64
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 89/68
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 87/67
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 81/61
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 72/48
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 62/40
| style="text-align:center; background: #C5DFE1; color:#000000;" | 53/33
! style="background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" height="16;" | Wilmington
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 56/36
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 60/38
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 66/44
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 74/51
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 81/60
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 86/68
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 90/72
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 88/71
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 84/66
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 76/54
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 68/45
| style="text-align:center; background: #F8F3CA; color:#000000;" | 60/38
| colspan="13" style="text-align:center;font-size:90%;background:#E8EAFA;"|''[http://www.weatherbyday.com/north-carolina/]''|''[http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/coldandflu/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USNC0234?from=36hr_bottomnav_flu]''

== History ==
{{Main|History of North Carolina}}

===Native Americans, Lost Colonies and Permanent Settlement===
{{See also|Native Americans in the United States|Joara|Roanoke Island}}
North Carolina was originally inhabited by many different prehistoric native cultures. Before 200 AD, they were building [[Earthworks (archaeology)|earthwork mounds]], which were used for ceremonial and religious purposes. Succeeding peoples, including those of the ancient [[Mississippian culture]] established by 1000 AD in the Piedmont, continued to build or add on to such mounds. In the 500–700 years preceding European contact, the Mississippian culture built large, complex cities and maintained farflung regional trading networks. Historically documented tribes in the North Carolina region included [[Cherokee]], [[Tuscarora (tribe)|Tuscarora]], [[Cheraw (tribe)|Cheraw]], [[Pamlico]], [[Meherrin]], [[Coree]], [[Machapunga]], [[Cape Fear Indians]], [[Waxhaws|Waxhaw]], [[Saponi]], [[Tutelo]], [[Waccamaw Siouan|Waccamaw]], [[Coharie]], and [[Catawba (tribe)|Catawba]].

Spanish explorers' traveling inland in the 16th century met the [[Mississippian culture]] people at [[Joara]], a regional chiefdom near present-day [[Morganton, North Carolina|Morganton]]. Records of [[Hernando de Soto]] attested to his meeting with them in 1540. In 1567 Captain [[Juan Pardo (explorer)|Juan Pardo]] led an expedition into the interior to claim the area for the Spanish colony, as well as establish another route to protect silver mines in Mexico. Pardo made a winter base at Joara, which he renamed ''Cuenca''. The expedition built [[Fort San Juan]] and left 30 men, while Pardo traveled further, and built and staffed five other forts. He returned by a different route to [[Mission Santa Elena|Santa Elena]] on [[Parris Island, South Carolina]], then a center of [[Spanish Florida]]. In the spring of 1568, natives killed all the soldiers and burned the six forts in the interior, including the one at Fort San Juan. Although the Spanish never returned to the interior, this marked the first European attempt at colonization of the interior of what became the United States. A 16th-century journal by Pardo's scribe Bandera and [[archaeological]] findings since 1986 at Joara have confirmed the settlement.<ref>[http://antiquity.ac.uk/ProjGall/moore/index.html David G. Moore, Robin A. Beck, Jr., and Christopher B. Rodning, "Joara and Fort San Juan: culture contact at the edge of the world", ''Antiquity'', Vol.78, No. 229, March 2004, accessed 26 June 2008]</ref><ref>Constance E. Richards, "Contact and Conflict" [http://www.warren-wilson.edu/~arch/berrysitepress/amerarchspring2008.pdf Warren Wilson College], ''American Archaeologist'', Spring 2008, accessed 26 June 2008</ref>

[[Image:Croatoan.jpg|thumb|right|[[Sir Walter Raleigh]] returns to find the colony abandoned]]
In 1584, [[Elizabeth I]], granted a charter to [[Sir Walter Raleigh]], for whom the state capital is named, for land in present-day North Carolina (then [[Virginia]]).<ref>{{cite book
  |title=Tanglewood Park
  |location=Orlando, Florida
  |isbn=0-15-333476-2 }}</ref> Raleigh established two colonies on the coast in the late 1580s, both ending in failure. It was the second American territory the British attempted to colonize. The demise of one, the "[[Lost Colony]]" of [[Roanoke Island]], remains one of the mysteries of American history. [[Virginia Dare]], the first English child to be born in North America, was born on Roanoke Island on August 18, 1587. [[Dare County, North Carolina|Dare County]] is named for her.

As early as 1650, colonists from the Virginia colony moved into the area of [[Albemarle Sound]]. By 1663, King [[Charles II of England]] granted a charter to start a new colony on the North American continent which generally established its borders. He named it ''Carolina'' in honor of his father [[Charles I of England|Charles I]].<ref>[http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/NC/HISTORY/HISTORY.HTM North Carolina State Library - North Carolina History]</ref> By 1665, a second charter was issued to attempt to resolve territorial questions. In 1710, due to disputes over governance, the Carolina colony began to split into North Carolina and [[South Carolina]]. The latter became a crown colony in 1729. [[Smallpox]] took a heavy toll in the South. The 1738 epidemic was said to have killed one-half of the Cherokee, with other tribes of the area suffering equally.<ref>"[http://www.uncpress.unc.edu/nc_encyclopedia/cherokee.html Cherokee Indians]". Encyclopedia of North Carolina.</ref>

===Colonial Period and Revolutionary War===
{{See also|Province of Carolina|Province of North Carolina|American Revolutionary War}}
[[File:Tryon Palace.JPG|thumb|Reconstructed royal governor's mansion [[Tryon Palace]] in [[New Bern, North Carolina|New Bern]]]]
The first permanent European settlers of North Carolina were [[British people|British]] colonists who migrated south from [[Virginia]], following a rapid growth of the colony and the subsequent shortage of available farmland. [[Nathaniel Batts]] was documented as one of the first of these Virginian migrants. He settled south of the [[Chowan River]] and east of the [[Great Dismal Swamp]] in 1655.<ref>Fenn and Wood, ''Natives and Newcomers'', pp. 24–25</ref> By 1663, this northeastern area of the [[Province of Carolina]], known as the [[Albemarle Settlements]], was undergoing full-scale British settlement.<ref>Powell, ''North Carolina Through Four Centuries'', p. 105</ref> During the same period, the English monarch [[Charles II of England|Charles II]] gave the province to the [[Lords Proprietors]], a group of noblemen who had helped restore Charles to the throne in 1660. The new province of "Carolina" was named in honor and memory of King [[Charles I of England|Charles I]] (Latin: ''Carolus''). In 1712, North Carolina became a separate colony. Except for the [[John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville|Earl Granville]] holdings, it became a royal colony seventeen years later.<ref name="autogenerated1">Lefler and Newsome, (1973)</ref>

Differences in the settlement patterns of eastern and western North Carolina, or the low country and uplands, affected the political, economic, and social life of the state from the eighteenth until the twentieth century. The Tidewater in eastern North Carolina was settled chiefly by immigrants from England and the [[Scottish Highlands]]. The upcountry of western North Carolina was settled chiefly by [[Ulster Scots people|Scots-Irish]], [[British people|British]] and [[Germans|German]] [[Protestants]], the so-called "[[cohee]]". Arriving during the mid-to-late 18th century, the Scots-Irish from Ireland were the largest immigrant group before the Revolution. During the [[Revolutionary War]], the English and Highland Scots of eastern North Carolina tended to remain loyal to the British Crown, because of longstanding business and personal connections with Great Britain. The English, Welsh, Scots-Irish and German settlers of western North Carolina tended to favor American independence from Britain.

Most of the English colonists arrived as [[indentured servant]]s, hiring themselves out as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African [[slave]]s or laborers was fluid. Some Africans were allowed to earn their freedom before slavery became a lifelong status. Most of the free colored families formed in North Carolina before the Revolution were descended from relationships or marriages between free white women and enslaved or free African or African-American men. Many had migrated or were descendants of migrants from colonial Virginia.<ref>[http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/ Paul Heinegg, ''Free African Americans in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware''], Accessed 15 February 2008</ref> As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in [[Kingdom of Great Britain|Great Britain]], more slaves were imported and the state's restrictions on slavery hardened. The economy's growth and prosperity was based on slave labor, devoted first to the production of tobacco.

On April 12, 1776, the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the [[Continental Congress]] to vote for independence from the British crown, through the [[Halifax Resolves]] passed by the [[North Carolina Provincial Congress]]. The dates of both of these events are memorialized on the [[Flag of North Carolina|state flag]] and [[Seal of North Carolina|state seal]].<ref name="NCSeal">{{cite web|last= |first= |title=The Great Seal of North Carolina|work= |publisher=NETSTATE|date= |url=http://www.netstate.com/states/syMbit/seals/nc_seal.htm|accessdate=2006-09-12}}</ref> Throughout the Revolutionary War, fierce [[guerilla warfare]] erupted between bands of pro-independence and pro-British colonists. In some cases the war was also an excuse to settle private grudges and rivalries. A major American victory in the war took place at [[King's Mountain]] along the North Carolina&ndash;South Carolina border. On October 7, 1780 a force of 1000 mountain men from western North Carolina (including what is today the State of [[Tennessee]]) overwhelmed a force of some 1000 British troops led by Major [[Patrick Ferguson]]. Most of the British soldiers in this battle were Carolinians who had remained loyal to the British Crown (they were called "Tories"). The American victory at Kings Mountain gave the advantage to colonists who favored American independence, and it prevented the British Army from recruiting new soldiers from the Tories.
[[Image:Battle of Guiliford Courthouse 15 March 1781.jpg|thumb|1st Maryland Regiment holding the line at the [[Battle of Guilford]].]]
The road to [[Yorktown, Virginia|Yorktown]] and America's independence from [[Kingdom of Great Britain|Great Britain]] led through North Carolina. As the [[British Army]] moved north from victories in [[Charleston, South Carolina|Charleston]] and [[Camden, South Carolina]], the Southern Division of the [[Continental Army]] and local militia prepared to meet them. Following General [[Daniel Morgan]]'s victory over the British Cavalry Commander [[Banastre Tarleton]] at the [[Battle of Cowpens]] on January 17, 1781, southern commander [[Nathanael Greene]] led British Lord [[Charles Cornwallis]] across the heartland of North Carolina, and away from Cornwallis's base of supply in Charleston, South Carolina. This campaign is known as "The Race to the Dan" or "The Race for the River."<ref name="autogenerated1"/>

Generals Greene and Cornwallis finally met at the [[Battle of Guilford Courthouse]] in present-day [[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]] on March 15, 1781. Although the [[Kingdom of Great Britain|British]] troops held the field at the end of the battle, their casualties at the hands of the numerically superior American Army were crippling. Following this "[[Pyrrhic victory]]", Cornwallis chose to move to the Virginia coastline to get reinforcements, and to allow the [[Royal Navy]] to protect his battered army. This decision would result in Cornwallis's eventual defeat at [[Yorktown, Virginia]] later in 1781. The Patriots' victory there guaranteed American independence.

===Antebellum Period===
On November 21, 1789, North Carolina became the twelfth state to ratify the [[United States Constitution|Constitution]]. In 1840, it completed the [[North Carolina State Capitol|state capitol]] building in Raleigh, still standing today. Most of North Carolina's slave owners and large [[plantations]] were located in the eastern portion of the state. Although North Carolina's plantation system was smaller and less cohesive than those of Virginia, Georgia or South Carolina, there were significant numbers of planters concentrated in the counties around the port cities of Wilmington and Edenton, as well as suburban planters around the cities of Raleigh, Charlotte and Durham. Planters owning large estates wielded significant political and socio-economic power in antebellum North Carolina, often to the derision of the generally non-slave holding "yeoman" farmers of Western North Carolina. In mid-century, the state's rural and commercial areas were connected by the construction of a 129&ndash;mile (208&nbsp;km) wooden plank road, known as a "farmer's railroad", from [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]] in the east to [[Bethania, North Carolina|Bethania]] (northwest of [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]).<ref name="autogenerated1"/>

Besides slaves, there were a number of [[free people of color]] in the state. Most were descended from free African Americans who had migrated along with neighbors from [[Virginia]] during the eighteenth century. After the [[American Revolutionary War|Revolution]], [[Religious Society of Friends|Quakers]] and [[Mennonite]]s worked to persuade slaveholders to free their slaves. Enough were inspired by their efforts and the language of men's rights, and arranged for manumission of their slaves. The number of free people of color rose in the first couple of decades after the Revolution.<ref>John Hope Franklin, ''Free Negroes of North Carolina, 1789–1860'', Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1941, reprint, 1991</ref>

On October 25, 1836 construction began on the [[Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad]]<ref>[http://www.historync.org/railroads.htm NC Business History]</ref> to connect the port city of [[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]] with the state capital of [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]. In 1849 the North Carolina Railroad was created by act of the legislature to extend that railroad west to [[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]], [[High Point, North Carolina|High Point]], and [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]. During the Civil War the Wilmington-to-Raleigh stretch of the railroad would be vital to the Confederate war effort; supplies shipped into Wilmington would be moved by rail through Raleigh to the Confederate capital of [[Richmond, Virginia]].

During the antebellum period North Carolina was an overwhelmingly [[rural]] state, even by Southern standards. In 1860 only one North Carolina town, the port city of [[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]], had a population of more than 10,000. [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], the state capital, had barely more than 5,000 residents.

While slaveholding was slightly less concentrated than in some Southern states, according to the 1860 census, more than 330,000 people, or 33% of the population of 992,622 were enslaved African-Americans. They lived and worked chiefly on plantations in the eastern [[Tidewater (geographic term)|Tidewater]]. In addition, 30,463 free people of color lived in the state. They were also concentrated in the eastern coastal plain, especially at port cities such as Wilmington and [[New Bern]] where they had access to a variety of jobs. Free African Americans were allowed to vote until 1835, when the state rescinded their suffrage.

===American Civil War===
{{Main|North Carolina in the American Civil War}}
{{See|American Civil War}}
[[Image:Battle of Fort Fisher.jpg|thumb|right|Union captures [[Fort Fisher]], 1865.]]
In 1860, North Carolina was a slave state, in which about one-third of the population of 992,622 were enslaved African Americans. This was a smaller proportion than many Southern states. In addition, the state had just over 30,000 [[Free Negroes]].<ref>[http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/php/state.php Historical Census Browser, 1860 US Census, University of Virginia], accessed 21 March 2008</ref> The state did not vote to join the [[Confederate States of America|Confederacy]] until President [[Abraham Lincoln]] called on it to invade its sister-state, [[South Carolina]], becoming the last or second to last state to officially join the Confederacy. The title of "last to join the Confederacy" has been disputed because Tennessee informally seceded on May 7, 1861, making North Carolina the last to secede on May 20, 1861.<ref>[http://www.civiced.org/index.php?page=timeline_lincoln Center for Civic Education]</ref><ref>[http://docsouth.unc.edu/highlights/secession.html The University of North Carolina]</ref> However, the Tennessee legislature did not formally vote to secede until June 8, 1861.<ref>[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun08.html Library of Congress]</ref>

North Carolina was the site of few battles, but it provided at least 125,000 troops to the Confederacy&mdash; far more than any other state. Approximately 40,000 of those troops never returned home, dying of disease, battlefield wounds, and starvation. North Carolina also supplied about 15,000 Union troops.<ref>[http://www.classbrain.com/artstate/publish/NC_civil_war_facts.shtml Classbrain.com]</ref> Elected in 1862, Governor [[Zebulon Baird Vance]] tried to maintain state autonomy against Confederate President [[Jefferson Davis]] in [[Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]].

Even after secession, some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy. This was particularly true of non-slave-owning farmers in the state's mountains and western Piedmont region. Some of these farmers remained neutral during the [[American Civil War|war]], while some covertly supported the [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]] cause during the conflict. Approximately 2,000 North Carolinians from western North Carolina enlisted in the [[Union Army]] and fought for the North in the war, and two additional Union Army regiments were raised in the coastal areas of the state that were occupied by Union forces in 1862 and 1863. Even so, Confederate troops from all parts of North Carolina served in virtually all the major battles of the [[Army of Northern Virginia]], the Confederacy's most famous army. The largest battle fought in North Carolina was at [[Battle of Bentonville|Bentonville]], which was a futile attempt by Confederate General [[Joseph E. Johnston|Joseph Johnston]] to slow Union General [[William Tecumseh Sherman]]'s advance through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865.<ref name="autogenerated1" /> In April 1865 after losing the [[Battle of Morrisville]], Johnston surrendered to Sherman at [[Bennett Place]], in what is today [[Durham, North Carolina]]. This was the last major Confederate Army to surrender. North Carolina's port city of [[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]] was the last Confederate port to fall to the Union. It fell in the spring of 1865 after the nearby [[Second Battle of Fort Fisher]].
[[Image:2008-08-16 Bennett Place historic site.jpg|thumb|right|[[Bennett Place]] historic site in [[Durham, North Carolina]].]]

The first Confederate soldier to be killed in the Civil War was Private Henry Wyatt, a North Carolinian. He was killed in the [[Battle of Big Buthel]] in June 1861. At the [[Battle of Gettysburg]] in July 1863, the 26th North Carolina Regiment participated in [[Pickett's Charge|Pickett/Pettigrew's Charge]] and advanced the farthest into the Northern lines of any Confederate regiment. During the [[Battle of Chickamauga]] the 58th North Carolina Regiment advanced farther than any other regiment on Snodgrass Hill to push back the remaining Union forces from the battlefield. At [[Appomattox Court House National Historical Park|Appomattox Court House]] in Virginia in April 1865, the 75th North Carolina Regiment, a cavalry unit, fired the last shots of the Confederate [[Army of Northern Virginia]] in the Civil War. For many years, North Carolinians proudly boasted that they had been "First at Bethel, Farthest at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, and Last at Appomattox."

== Demographics ==
{{See also|Demographics of North Carolina}}
Center of Population in between Seagrove and Cheeks, NC
[[File:North-Carolina-Population-Density-2008.png|thumb|North Carolina Population Density in 2008.]]
[[Image:piedmont map.jpg|thumb|With two-thirds of North Carolina's population living in the middle one-third of its landmass, the middle third of the state is about four times more densely populated than the remaining two-thirds.]]
[[File:North-Carolina-Population-Change-2000-to-2008.png|thumb|Change in population from 2000 to 2008, using census estimates. Note the large-scale area of net population loss in the inland northeastern part of the state; these counties are all related to each other in that they contain the highest percentage of African-Americans, according to the Census 2000 data. [http://merlot.caliper.com/maptitude/census2000maps/map.asp?command=find&map_option=loc_only&map=7&state=NC&city=&SUBMIT=Find]]]

The [[United States Census Bureau]], as of July 1, 2009, estimated North Carolina's population at 9,380,884<ref name=09CenEst/> which represents an increase of 1,340,334, or 16.7%, since the last census in 2000.<ref name=census_cum>{{cite web |title=Cumulative Estimates of the Components of Population Change for the United States, Regions and States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (NST-EST2008-04) |url=http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2008-04.csv |author=U. S. Census Bureau |authorlink=United States Census Bureau |date=2008-12-15 |accessdate=2009-01-16 |format=CSV}}</ref> This exceeds the rate of growth for the United States as a whole. The growth comprises a natural increase since the last census of 412,906 people (that is 1,015,065 births minus 602,159 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 783,382 people into the state.<ref name=census_cum/> [[Immigration to the United States|Immigration]] from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 192,099 people, and migration within the country produced a net gain of 591,283 people.<ref name=census_cum/> Between 2005 and 2006, North Carolina passed [[New Jersey]] to become the 10th most populous state.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2006/statepopest_table1.xls Table 1: Estimates of Population Change for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico and State Rankings: July 1, 2005 to July 1, 2006]. United States Census Bureau. December 22, 2006. Last accessed December 22, 2006.</ref> The state's population reported as under 5 years old was 6.7%, 24.4% were under 18, and 12.0% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

===Metropolitan Areas===
North Carolina has three major [[metropolitan area|Metropolitan]] [[Combined Statistical Areas]] with populations of more than 1 million ([[U.S. Census Bureau]] 2008 estimates):<ref name=CSAestimates>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-02.csv | title = Table 2: Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 | format = [[comma-separated values|CSV]] | work = 2008 Population Estimates | publisher = [[United States Census Bureau]], Population Division | date = July 1, 2008 | accessdate = July 2, 2009 }}</ref>
*'''The [[Charlotte metropolitan area|Metrolina]]''': ''Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, North Carolina-SC'' - population 2,338,289
*'''[[The Triangle (North Carolina)|The Triangle]]''': ''Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, North Carolina''- population 1,690,557
*'''The [[Piedmont Triad]]''': ''Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina'' - population 1,603,101

North Carolina has nine municipalities with populations of more than 100,000 (U.S. Census Bureau 2008 estimates):<ref name=PopEstBigCities>{{cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-01.csv | title = Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 | format = [[comma-separated values|CSV]] | work = 2008 Population Estimates | publisher = [[United States Census Bureau]], Population Division | date = July 1, 2008 | accessdate = July 2, 2009 }}</ref>
*'''[[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]''': ''Mecklenburg County'' - population 716,874
*'''[[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]''': ''Wake County'' - population 392,552
*'''[[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]]''': ''Guilford County'' - population 257,997
*'''[[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]''': ''Forsyth County'' - population 227.834
*'''[[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]]''': ''Durham County'' - population 223,800
*'''[[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]]''': ''Cumberland County'' - population 174,091
*'''[[Cary, North Carolina|Cary]]''': ''Wake County'' - population 134,545
*'''[[High Point, North Carolina|High Point]]''': ''Guilford County'' - population 101,835
*'''[[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]]''': ''New Hanover County'' - population 100,192
Image:Charlotte_at_Dusk.jpg|[[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]]
Image:Downtown-Raleigh-from-Western-Boulevard-Overpass-20081012.jpeg|[[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]
Image:Greensboro_Skyline.jpg|[[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]]
Image:2008-07-12_Durham_skyline.jpg|[[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]]
Image:WinSalSkyline12.jpg|[[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]
Image:Market_house_copy.jpg|[[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]]
Image:Cary NC Amtrak Station.jpg|[[Cary, North Carolina|Cary]]
Image:HighPoint,NC.jpg|[[High Point, North Carolina|High Point]]
Image:WilmingtonAerialViewCoastGuard.jpg|[[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]]

===Racial makeup and population trends===
|1790 = 393751
|1805 = 753419
|1850 = 869039
|1860 = 992622
|1870 = 1071361
|1880 = 1399750
|1890 = 1617949
|1900 = 1893810
|1910 = 2206287
|1920 = 2559123
|1930 = 3170276
|1940 = 3571623
|1950 = 4061929
|1960 = 4556155
|1970 = 5082059
|1980 = 5881766
|1990 = 6628637
|2000 = 8040550
|estyear = 2009
|estimate = 9380884
|estref = <ref name=09CenEst/>
{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; clear:right; margin-right:0; margin-left:1em; font-size:81%; text-align:center"
!Ancestry||Percentage||Main article:
!(21.6%) Of Total)
|''See [[African American]]''
|''See [[United States]]''
|''See [[English American]]''
|''See [[German American]]''
|''See [[Irish American]]''
|''See [[Scots-Irish American]]''
|''See [[Italian American]]''
|''See [[Scottish American]]''

{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; clear:right; margin-right:0; margin-left:1em; font-size:81%; text-align:center"

! County !! Seat !! 2010 Projection<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.osbm.state.nc.us/ncosbm/facts_and_figures/socioeconomic_data/population_estimates/demog/grow1020.html|title=County Population Growth 2010–2020|publisher=North Carolina Office of State Budget and Management|accessdate=2009-01-27}}</ref>
| [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]] || [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]] || 936,874
| [[Wake County, North Carolina|Wake]] || [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]] || 920,298
| [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]] || [[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]] || 480,028
| [[Forsyth County, North Carolina|Forsyth]] || [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]] || 352,810
| [[Cumberland County, North Carolina|Cumberland]] || [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]] || 317,094
| [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]] || [[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]] || 267,086
| [[Buncombe County, North Carolina|Buncombe]] || [[Asheville, North Carolina|Asheville]] || 234,800
| [[Union County, North Carolina|Union]] || [[Monroe, North Carolina|Monroe]] || 207,738
| [[Gaston County, North Carolina|Gaston]] || [[Gastonia, North Carolina|Gastonia]] || 207,696
| [[New Hanover County, North Carolina|New Hanover]] || [[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]] || 202,411
{{US Demographics}}
In 2007, the U.S. Census estimated that the racial makeup of North Carolina was as follows: 70% [[White American]], 25.3% [[African-American]], and 1.2% American Indian; 6.5% were [[Hispanic]] or Latino (of any race). North Carolina has historically been a [[rural]] state, with most of the population living on farms or in small towns. However, over the last 30 years the state has undergone rapid [[urbanization]], and today most of North Carolina's residents live in [[urban area|urban]] and [[suburban]] areas, as in most of the United States. In particular, the cities of [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]] and [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]] have become major urban centers, with large, diverse, mainly affluent and rapidly growing populations. The state has received considerable [[immigration]] from Latin America, India, and [[Southeast Asia]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Contemporary Migration in North Carolina|url=http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/collateral/articles/S95.Contemp.Migration.pdf|format=PDF}}</ref>

[[African-American]]s make up nearly a quarter of North Carolina's population. The number of middle-class African-Americans has increased since the 1970s. African-Americans are concentrated in the state's eastern Coastal Plain and in parts of the Piedmont Plateau, where they had historically worked and where the most new job opportunities are. African-American communities number by the hundreds in rural counties in the south-central and northeast, and in predominantly African neighborhoods in the cities: Charlotte, Raleigh, Durham, Greensboro, Fayetteville, Wilmington and Winston-Salem.

===Asian Americans===
The state has a rapidly growing proportion of [[Asian American]]s, specifically those of [[Indian American|Indian]], [[Vietnamese American|Vietnamese]] descent; these groups nearly quintupled and tripled, respectively, between 1990 and 2002, as people arrived in the state for new jobs in the growing economy. Recent estimates suggest that the state's Asian-American population has increased significantly since 2000.

===European Americans===
Settled first, the coastal region attracted primarily English immigrants of the early migrations, including indentured servants transported to the colonies and descendants of English who migrated from Virginia. In addition, there were waves of Protestant European immigration, including the [[British people|British]], many [[Scotch-Irish American|Scots Irish]], [[French people|French]] [[Huguenot]]s,<ref>[http://www.usgennet.org/usa/topic/colonial/book/chap4_3.html North Carolina-Colonization-The Southern Colonies<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref> and [[Swiss Germans]] who settled [[New Bern, North Carolina|New Bern]]; many [[Pennsylvania Germans]] came down the [[Shenandoah Valley]] of [[Virginia]] on the [[Great Wagon Road]] and settled in the western [[Piedmont (United States)|Piedmont]] and the foothills of the [[Blue Ridge Mountains|Blue Ridge]]. There is a high concentration of Scots-Irish in western North Carolina. A concentration of [[Welsh people|Welsh]] (usually included with others from [[Kingdom of Great Britain|Britain]] and [[Kingdom of Ireland|Ireland]]) settled east of present [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]] in the 18th century. For a long time the wealthier, educated planters of the coastal region dominated state government.

Since 1990 the state has seen an increase in the number of [[Hispanics in the United States|Hispanics]]/Latinos. Once chiefly employed as migrant labor, Hispanic residents of the 1990s and early 2000s have been attracted to low-skilled jobs. As a result, growing numbers of Hispanic immigrants are settling in the state.{{Clarify|date=August 2009}}

===Native Americans===
North Carolina has the largest American Indian population of any state on the East Coast. The estimated population figures for [[Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans]] in North Carolina (as of 2004) is 110,198. To date, North Carolina recognizes eight Native American tribal nations within its state borders. Those tribes are the Coharie, Eastern Band of the Cherokee, Haliwa-Saponi, [[Lumbee]], Meherrin, Sappony, Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation and Waccamaw-Siouan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.doa.state.nc.us/cia/tribesorg.htm|title=Tribes and Organizations |publisher=North Carolina Department of Administration|accessdate=2008-02-23}}</ref>

{| class="wikitable" align=right style="margin-left: 15px; margin-top: 0px"
| bgcolor=#ccccff align=center colspan=3| '''Religious affiliation'''
|colspan=2 style="border-bottom:0px"|[[Christianity|Christian]]
|rowspan=4 style="border-top:0px"|
|[[Evangelicalism#Evangelicalism_in_the_United_States|Evangelical Protestant]]
|[[Mainline (Protestant)|Mainline Protestant]]
|[[Black church|Black Protestant]]
|[[Roman Catholicism in the United States|Roman Catholic]]&nbsp;
|colspan=2|Other religions
| bgcolor=#ccccff align=center colspan=3|<div class="references-small">''Data as of 2007''<ref>[http://religions.pewforum.org/maps Pewforum.org]</ref></div>

North Carolina, as other [[Southern United States|Southern]] states, has traditionally been overwhelmingly [[Protestant]], mostly with denominations of British or American origin. The eighteenth-century [[Moravian Church|Moravian]] settlements in the western Piedmont have provided an interesting variation, as has the late-nineteenth-century Italian Protestant [[Waldensian]] settlement in [[Valdese, North Carolina|Valdese]]. By the late nineteenth century, the largest Protestant denomination was the [[Southern Baptists]].

The rapid influx of [[Northern United States|northerners]], people from [[Florida]] and immigrants from Latin America, which began in the late twentieth century, is steadily increasing the number of [[Roman Catholics]] and [[Judaism|Jews]] in the state, and refugees and other recent immigrants from Asia have brought Buddhism with them. The Baptists do remain the single largest denomination in the state, however.

The religious affiliations of the people of North Carolina, as of 2007, are shown in the chart.

[[Image:North Carolina quarter, reverse side, 2001.jpg|left|150px]]
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the state's 2008 total gross state product was $400.2 billion, it is the ninth wealthiest state in terms of gross domestic product.<ref>[http://www.bea.gov/regional/gsp/action.cfm U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)]</ref> Its 2007 [[List of U.S. states by GDP per capita (nominal)|per capita personal income]] was $33,735, placing 36th in the nation.<ref name="PerCapitaIncome">{{cite web|last= |first= |title=Per Capita Personal Income|work= |publisher=U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis|month=September | year=2006|url=http://bea.gov/bea/regional/spi/drill.cfm?satable=SA30&lc=110&years=2005&rformat=display|accessdate=2006-10-23}}</ref> North Carolina's agricultural outputs include [[poultry]] and [[Egg (food)|eggs]], [[tobacco]], [[Hog (swine)|hogs]], [[milk]], [[Nursery (horticulture)|nursery]] stock, [[cattle]], [[sweet potatoes]], and [[soybeans]]. However, North Carolina has recently been affected by [[offshoring]] and industrial growth in countries like China; one in five manufacturing jobs in the state has been lost to overseas competition.<ref>Fishman, ''China, Inc.: How the Rise of the Next Superpower Challenges America and the World'', p. 179</ref> There has been a distinct difference in the economic growth of North Carolina's urban and rural areas. While large cities such as [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]], [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], [[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]], and others have experienced rapid population and economic growth over the last thirty years, many of the state's small towns have suffered from loss of jobs and population. Most of North Carolina's small towns historically developed around textile and furniture factories. As these factories closed and moved to low-wage markets in Asia and Latin America, the small towns that depended upon them have suffered.

The first gold nugget found in the U.S. was found in Cabarrus County in 1799.<ref>{{cite web | last = Lewis | first = Rebecca | title = The North Carolina Gold Rush | publisher = North Carolina Museum of History | url=http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/collateral/articles/s06.gold.rush.pdf | accessdate = 2009-03-09 }}</ref> The first gold dollar minted in the U.S. was minted at the Bechtler Mint in Rutherford County.

===Agriculture and manufacturing===
Over the past century, North Carolina has grown to become a national leader in [[agriculture]], [[Banking|financial services]], and [[manufacturing]]. The state's industrial output&mdash;mainly [[textiles]], [[Chemical industry|chemicals]], [[electrical equipment]], [[paper]] and [[Wood pulp|pulp and paper products]]&mdash;ranked eighth in the nation in the early 1990s. The textile industry, which was once a mainstay of the state's economy, has been steadily losing jobs to producers in Latin America and Asia for the past 25 years, though the state remains the largest textile employer in the United States.<ref>[http://www.soc.duke.edu/NC_GlobalEconomy/textiles/overview.shtml Duke University]</ref> Over the past few years, another important Carolina industry, furniture production, has also been hard hit by jobs moving to Asia (especially China). North Carolina is the leading producer of tobacco in the country.<ref>{{cite book |author= |title=Time for tobacco burning out in N.C. |publisher=Associated Press |date=April 29, 2007}}</ref> As one of North Carolina's earliest sources of revenue, it remains vital to the local economy, although concerns about whether the federal government will continue to support subsidies for tobacco farmers has led some growers to switch to other crops like grapes for [[wine]] or leave farming altogether.<ref>[http://www.nccommerce.com/en/TourismServices/NurtureWineAndGrapeIndustry NC Department of Commerce Wine and Grape Industry web site.]</ref>
Agriculture in the western counties of North Carolina (particularly Buncombe and surrounding counties) is presently experiencing a revitalization coupled with a shift to niche marketing, fueled by the growing demand for organic and local products.<ref>[http://www.fastrecipes.com/latest-news/a-recipe-for-change:-north-carolina-goes-organic,-one-farm-at-a-time-2009111939851/ A Recipe for Change: North Carolina Goes Organic, One Farm at a Time]. An interview with Molly Hamilton, Coordinator of the North Carolina Organic Grain Project at North Carolina State University. Retrieved on: 2009-12-30.</ref>

As of January 2010, the states unemployment rate is 11.1%.<ref>[http://www.bls.gov/lau/ Bls.gov]; Local Area Unemployment Statistics</ref>

===Finance, technology and research===
[[Image:charlotteskyline.jpg|thumb|right|200px|[[Charlotte]]'s growing skyline]]
[[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]], North Carolina's largest city, continues to experience rapid growth, in large part due to the banking & finance industry. Charlotte is now the second largest banking center in the United States (after [[New York City|New York]]), and is home to [[Bank of America]] and [[Wells Fargo]] subsidiary, [[Wachovia]]. The [[Charlotte metropolitan area|Charlotte metro area]] is also home to 5 other Fortune 500 companies.

[[BB&T]] (Branch Banking & Trust), one of America's largest banks, was founded in Wilson, North Carolina in 1872. Today, BB&T's headquarters is in Winston-Salem, although some operations still take place in Wilson.

The [[information technology|information]] and [[biotechnology]] industries have been steadily on the rise since the creation of the [[Research Triangle Park]] (RTP) in the 1950s. Located between [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], [[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]], and [[Chapel Hill, North Carolina|Chapel Hill]] (mostly in Durham County), it is a globally prominent research center home to over 170 companies and federal agencies and is the largest and oldest continuously operating research and science park in the United States.<ref>[http://www.rtp.org/main/index.php?pid=178&sec=1 The Research Triangle Park]</ref> Anchored by [[University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|UNC]] (Chapel Hill), [[Duke University|Duke]] (Durham), and [[North Carolina State University|NC State]] (Raleigh), the park's proximity to these research universities has no doubt helped to fuel growth.

[[Image:Downtown-Raleigh-from-Western-Boulevard-Overpass-20081012.jpeg|thumb|left|200px|[[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], the growing capital of North Carolina]]

The [[North Carolina Research Campus]] underway in [[Kannapolis, North Carolina|Kannapolis]] (approx. {{convert|30|mi|km}} northeast of Charlotte) aims to enrich and bolster the Charlotte area in the same way that RTP changed the Raleigh-Durham region.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ncresearchcampus.net/theplan.html|title=North Carolina Research Campus|accessdate=2006-12-17}}</ref> Encompassing {{convert|5800000|sqft|m2}}, the complex is a collaborative project involving [[Duke University]], [[University of North Carolina at Charlotte]], [[University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]], and [[N.C. State University]], along with private and corporate investors and developers. The facility incorporates corporate, academic, commercial and residential space, oriented toward [[research and development]] (R&D) and biotechnology. Similarly, in downtown [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]], the [[Piedmont Triad Research Park]] is undergoing an expansion. Approximately thirty miles to the east of Winston Salem's research park, [[the University of North Carolina at Greensboro]] and [[North Carolina A&T State University]] have joined forces to create the [http://www.gatewayurp.com/fact.html Gateway University Research Park], a technology-based research entity which will focus its efforts on areas such as nanotechnology, biotechnology & biochemistry, environmental sciences, and genetics among other science-based disciplines.

===Film and the arts===
Film studios are located in [[Shelby, North Carolina|Shelby]], [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]], [[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]], [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]], [[Asheville, North Carolina|Asheville]], [[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]], and [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]. Some of the best-known films and television shows filmed in the state include: ''[[All the Real Girls]]'', ''[[The Secret Life of Bees]]'', ''[[Being There]]'', ''[[Blue Velvet (film)|Blue Velvet]]'', ''[[Bull Durham]]'', ''[[A Walk to Remember]]'', ''[[Glory (film)|Glory]]'', ''[[The Color Purple (film)|The Color Purple]]'', ''[[Cabin Fever (film)|Cabin Fever]]'', ''[[Super Mario Bros. (film)|Super Mario Bros.]]'', ''[[Cape Fear (1991 film)|Cape Fear]]'', ''[[Children of the Corn]]'', ''[[The Crow (film)|The Crow]]'', ''[[Cyborg (film)]]'', ''[[Dawson's Creek]]'', ''[[Dirty Dancing]]'', ''[[Evil Dead 2]]'', ''[[The Fugitive (1993 film)|The Fugitive]]'', ''[[The Green Mile (film)|The Green Mile]]'', ''[[Hannibal (film)|Hannibal]]'', ''[[The Last of the Mohicans (1992 film)|The Last of the Mohicans]]'', ''[[Nell (film)|Nell]]'', ''[[One Tree Hill (TV series)|One Tree Hill]]'', ''[[Patch Adams (film)|Patch Adams]]'', ''[[Shallow Hal]]'', ''[[Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby]]'', ''[[Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 3]]'', ''[[Leatherheads]]'', ''[[Nights in Rodanthe]]'' and ''[[28 Days (film)|28 Days]].'' Half of Steven King's movies were filmed in North Carolina. The television show most associated with North Carolina is ''[[The Andy Griffith Show]]'', which aired on [[CBS-TV]] from 1960 to 1968. The series is set in the fictional small town of [[Mayberry]], North Carolina, and was based on the real-life town of [[Mount Airy, North Carolina]], although it was filmed in [[California]]. Mount Airy is the hometown of actor [[Andy Griffith]]. The show is still popular in [[rerun]]s and is frequently shown in [[Broadcast syndication|syndication]] around the nation. North Carolina is also home to some of the Southeast's biggest film festivals, including the [[National Black Theatre Festival]] and the [[RiverRun International Film Festival]] in [[Winston-Salem]], and the [[Full Frame Documentary Film Festival]] in [[Durham, North Carolina]].

Tourism destinations in the state include amusement parks, golf, wineries, beaches, meetings and conventions and sports venues. The North Carolina tourism industry employs more than 190,000 people. The state is the 6th most visited in the country (preceded by Florida, California, New York, Nevada and Pennsylvania).<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/stories/2009/05/11/daily27.html?ana=from_rss|title=Travelers spend $16.9B in N.C.; state now sixth most visited in U.S.|last=Gallagher|first=James |date=May 12, 2009|publisher=Triangle Business Journal }}</ref> The North Carolina Department of Commerce maintains a Tourism Services providing matching funds and consultation for development tourism in the state including rural tourism.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nccommerce.com/en/TourismServices/ |title=Tourism Services|publisher=NC Department of Commerce}}</ref>

===Tax revenue===
North Carolina personal [[income tax]] is slightly [[progressive tax|progressive]], with four incremental brackets ranging from 6.0% to 8.25%. The base state [[sales tax]] is 4.25%.<ref>{{cite web|title=Sales and Use Tax|publisher=North Carolina Department of Revenue|date= 2006-10-18|url=http://www.dornc.com/taxes/sales/salesanduse.html|accessdate=2006-12-13}}</ref> Most taxable sales or purchases are subject to the state tax as well as the 2.5% local tax rate levied by all counties, for a combined 6.75%. Mecklenburg County has an additional 0.5% local tax for public transportation, bringing sales taxes there to a total 7.25%. The total local rate of tax in Dare County is 3.5%, producing a combined state and local rate there of 7.75%.<ref>[http://www.dornc.com/taxes/sales/dare_county_rate.html Change in Dare County Sales and Use Tax Rate<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref> In addition, there is a 30.2¢ tax per gallon of [[Gasoline|gas]], a 30¢ tax per pack of cigarettes, a 79¢ tax on wine, and a 48¢ tax on beer. There are also additional taxes levied against food and prepared foods, normally totaling 2% and 8% respectively. The [[property tax]] in North Carolina is locally assessed and collected by the counties. The three main elements of the property tax system in North Carolina are [[real property]], [[motor vehicle]]s and [[personal property]] (inventories and household personal property are exempt). Estimated at 10.5% of income, North Carolina's state and local tax burden percentage ranks 23rd highest nationally (taxpayers pay an average of $3,526 per-capita), just below the national average of 10.6%.<ref name="taxfoundation">{{cite web|url=http://www.taxfoundation.org/research/topic/47.html|title=The Facts on North Carolina's Tax Climate|publisher=[[Tax Foundation]]|accessdate=2006-12-18}}</ref> North Carolina ranks 40th in the [[Tax Foundation]]'s State Business Tax Climate Index with neighboring states ranked as follows: [[Tennessee]] (18th), [[Georgia (U.S.)|Georgia]] (19th), [[South Carolina]] (26th) and [[Virginia]] (13th).<ref name="taxfoundation"/>

===International/Regional Airports===
[[Image:Commercial Airports in North Carolina.png|thumb|300px|Commerical Airports in North Carolina]]
{{Main|List of airports in North Carolina}}
*[[Albert J Ellis Airport]] ([[Jacksonville, North Carolina|Jacksonville]])
*[[Asheville Regional Airport]] ([[Asheville, North Carolina|Asheville]])
*[[Charlotte/Douglas International Airport]] ([[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]])
*[[Coastal Carolina Regional Airport]] ([[New Bern, North Carolina|New Bern]])
*[[Fayetteville Regional Airport]] ([[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]])
*[[Kinston Regional Jetport]] ([[Kinston, North Carolina|Kinston]])
*[[Piedmont Triad International Airport]] ([[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]]/[[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]/[[High Point, North Carolina|High Point]])
*[[Pitt-Greenville Airport]] ([[Greenville, North Carolina|Greenville]])
*[[Raleigh-Durham International Airport]] ([[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]/[[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]])
*[[Wilmington International Airport]] ([[Wilmington, North Carolina|Wilmington]])

[[Amtrak]] operates The [[Palmetto (Amtrak)|Palmetto]] with service from New York to Florence to Savannah Georgia, as well as [[Silver Star (passenger train)|Silver Star]] from New York to Florence to Tampa via Raleigh, Cary, Southern Pines and Hamlet N.C., and [[Silver Meteor (passenger train)|Silver Meteor]] from New York to Florence to Miami via Rocky Mount N.C and Fayetteville N.C. The state subsidizes both the [[Piedmont (Amtrak)|Piedmont]] and [[Carolinian (Amtrak)|Carolinian]] intercity rail serving the [[Research Triangle]]. Amtrak has announced a third subsidized train that will run between Raleigh and Charlotte. This train will run midday to complement the Piedmont and Carolinian and include stops in Greensboro, Burlington, and High Point. There is also the Crescent which runs from New York to Atlanta during the early morning before dawn.

===Mass transit===
[[Image:LYNX Car 104 at TremontStation.jpg|thumb|200px|LYNX light rail car in Charlotte]]
Several cities are served by [[public transport|mass transit systems]].

The [[Charlotte Area Transit System]] (CATS) operates a historical trolley line and 76 bus and shuttle routes serving Charlotte and its satellite cities. In 2007 it opened the [[LYNX Rapid Transit Services|LYNX]] light rail line connecting [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]] with suburban [[Pineville, North Carolina|Pineville]]. There are future plans to expand LYNX Light Rail as well as implementation of [[Commuter Rail]] and [[Streetcar]].

The [[Fayetteville Area System of Transit]] (FAST) serves the city with ten bus routes and two shuttle routes.

The [[Triangle Transit Authority]] operates buses that serve the [[The Triangle (North Carolina)|Triangle region]] and connect to municipal bus systems in [[Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)|Raleigh]], [[Durham Area Transit Authority|Durham]], and [[Chapel Hill Transit|Chapel Hill]]; recent efforts to build a light rail from downtown Raleigh to downtown Durham failed as TTA's projected ridership did not meet federal standards.

Greensboro is serviced by the [[Greensboro Transit Authority]] (GTA), which operates 14 bus routes. Additionally, the Higher Education Area Transit (HEAT) system provides service to students who attend the following institutions: Bennett College, Elon University School of Law, Greensboro College, Guilford College, Guilford Technical Community College, North Carolina A&T State University, and University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The HEAT service provides transportation between campuses and various other destinations, including downtown Greensboro.

Winston-Salem Transit Authority (WSTA) operates 30 bus routes around the city of [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]; additionally, WSTA recently completed construction of a central downtown mult-modal transportation center with 16 covered bus bays adjacent to a large enclosed lobby/waiting area. There are future plans being discussed for a $52 million streetcar system connecting Piedmont Triad Research Park/Downtown with Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

[[Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation]] (PART) is the Triad's 10-county regional organization with the goal of enhancing all forms of transportation through regional cooperation. PART Express Bus provides express shuttle service to each major Triad city from Piedmont Triad International Airport, while Connections Express connects the Triad to Duke and UNC Medical Centers. PART is also administering and developing several rail service studies that include both commuter and intercity rail.

Wilmington's [[Cape Fear Public Transportation Authority|Wave Transit]] operates six bus lines within the city as well as five shuttles to nearby areas and a downtown trolley.

In July 2008, Western Piedmont Regional Transit Authority began serving Burke, Caldwell, Catawba and Alexander counties in the region just west of Charlotte.<ref>[http://www.ncdot.org/transit/nctransit/download/counties/WesternPiedmont.pdf Western Piedmont Regional Transit Authority]</ref>

Jacksonville recently began a trial bus system called the LOOP, which runs two routes through the city and nearby Camp Lejeune. But this loop has yet to be made permanent.
[[Image:Arrowhead depot.jpg|thumb|right|[[Arrowhead Monument]] historic site in [[Old Fort, North Carolina]].]]

===Major highways===
{{Main|North Carolina Highway System}}
The North Carolina Highway System consists of a vast network of [[Interstate highway]]s, [[U.S. route]]s, and [[state route]]s. North Carolina has the largest state maintained highway network in the United States, with 77,400 miles of roadway. <ref>{{cite web
|title=16th Annual Report on the Performance of State Highway Systems
|author=Hartgen, David T. and Ravi K. Karanam
|publisher=Reason Foundation
|page=14 (in pdf), 8 (in printed report)
}}</ref> Major highways include:
|- valign=top
*[[Image:I-26.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 26]]
*[[Image:I-40.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 40 in North Carolina|Interstate 40]]
*[[Image:I-73.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 73]]
*[[Image:I-74.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 74 in North Carolina|Interstate 74]]
*[[Image:I-77.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 77 in North Carolina|Interstate 77]]
*[[Image:I-85.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 85 in North Carolina|Interstate 85]]
*[[Image:I-95.svg|30px]] [[Interstate 95 in North Carolina|Interstate 95]]
*[[Image:US 1.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 1 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 1]]
*[[Image:US 13.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 13 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 13]]
*[[Image:US 15.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 15-501 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 15]]
*[[Image:US 17.svg|29px]] [[U.S. Route 17 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 17]]
*[[Image:US 19.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 19|U.S. Highway 19]]
*[[Image:US 52.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 52 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 52]]
*[[Image:US 64.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 64 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 64]]
*[[Image:US 70.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 70 in North Carolina|U.S. Highway 70]]
*[[Image:US 74.svg|30px]] [[U.S. Route 74|U.S. Highway 74]]

==Politics and government==
[[Image:NC Legislature.JPG|thumb|right|[[North Carolina State Legislative Building]]]]
The [[governor]], [[lieutenant governor]], and eight elected executive department heads form the [[North Carolina Council of State#Council of State|Council of State]]. Ten other executive department heads appointed by the governor form the [[North Carolina Cabinet]]. The state's current [[Governor of North Carolina|governor]] is [[United States Democratic Party|Democrat]] [[Bev Perdue]], the first female governor of the state. The [[North Carolina General Assembly]], or Legislature, consists of two houses: a 50-member Senate and a 120-member House of Representatives. For the [[North Carolina General Assembly of 2007–2008|2007&ndash;2008 session]], the current [[President Pro Tempore of the North Carolina Senate|President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] is [[United States Democratic Party|Democrat]] [[Marc Basnight]] (the [[Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina]] is the President of the Senate); The [[Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives|House Speaker]] is [[United States Democratic Party|Democrat]] [[Joe Hackney]].

The [[Supreme Court of North Carolina]] is the state's highest [[appellate court]]; it numbers seven justices. The [[North Carolina Court of Appeals]] is the only intermediate appellate court in the state; it consists of fifteen judges who rule in rotating panels of three. Together, the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals constitute the appellate division of the court system. The trial division includes the Superior Court and the District Court. All [[felony]] criminal cases, civil cases involving more than $10,000 and misdemeanor and infraction appeals from District Court are tried in Superior Court. A [[jury]] of 12 hears the criminal cases. Civil cases&mdash;such as divorce, [[Child custody|custody]], [[child support]], and cases involving less than $10,000&mdash;are heard in District Court, along with criminal cases involving [[misdemeanor]]s and lesser infractions. The trial of a [[criminal case]] in District Court is always without a jury. The District Court also hears juvenile cases involving children under the age of 16 who are delinquent and children under the age of 18 who are undisciplined, dependent, neglected, or abused. Magistrates accept guilty pleas for minor misdemeanors, accept guilty pleas for traffic violations, and accept waivers of trial for [[Cheque|worthless-check]] cases among other things. In civil cases, the magistrate is authorized to try small claims involving up to $5,000 including landlord eviction cases. Magistrates also perform civil marriages.

===State constitution===
{{Main|North Carolina Constitution}}
The state constitution governs the structure and function of the North Carolina government. It is the highest legal document for the state and subjugates North Carolina [[law]]. Like all state constitutions in the United States, this constitution is subject to [[Federal government of the United States|federal]] [[judicial review]]. Any provision of the state constitution can be nullified if it conflicts with [[federal law]] and the [[United States Constitution]].

North Carolina has had three [[constitution]]s:
*1776: Ratified December 18, 1776, as the first constitution of the independent state. The Declaration of Rights was ratified the preceding day.
*1868: Framed in accordance with the [[Reconstruction era of the United States|Reconstruction]] Acts after North Carolina was readmitted into the Union. It was a major reorganization and modification of the original into fourteen articles. It also introduced [[Township (United States)|township]]s which each county was required to create, the only southern state to do so.
*1971: Minor consolidation of the 1868 constitution and subsequent amendments.

===Federal apportionments===
North Carolina currently has 13 [[United States Congressional Delegations from North Carolina|congressional districts]], which, when combined with its two [[U.S. Senate]] seats, gives the state 15 [[electoral votes]]. In the [[111th United States Congress|111th Congress]], the state is represented by eight [[Democratic Party (U.S.)|Democratic]] and five [[Republican Party (U.S.)|Republican]] [[United States House of Representatives|members of congress]], plus one Republican and one Democratic Senator.

{{See also|Politics of the United States|Disfranchisement after the Civil War|Voting rights in the United States|Political party strength in North Carolina}}
[[Image:North Carolina State Capitol, Raleigh.jpg|thumb|right|[[North Carolina State Capitol]]]]
North Carolina is politically dominated by the [[United States Democratic Party|Democratic]] and [[United States Republican Party|Republican]] political parties. Since the 19th century, [[third party (politics)|third parties]], such as the [[Green Party (United States)|Green Party]] and [[Libertarian Party (United States)|Libertarian Party]], have had difficulty making inroads in state politics. They have both run candidates for office with neither party's winning a state office. After engaging in a lawsuit with the state over ballot access, the Libertarian Party<ref>{{cite web|last=Hogarth|first=Susan|title=Special LPNC Announcement: First victory in LPNC Lawsuit!!!|publisher=Libertarian Party of North Carolina|year=2005|url=http://www.lpnc.org/announcements/2006/20060505.php|accessdate=2008-07-22}}</ref> qualified to be on the ballot after submitting more than 70,000 petition signatures<ref>[http://www.wbtv.com/Global/story.asp?S=8581373 NC Libertarians release candidate slate]</ref>

Historically, North Carolina was politically divided between the eastern and western parts of the state. Before the [[American Civil War|Civil War]], the eastern half of North Carolina supported the Democratic Party, primarily because the region contained most of the state's planter slaveholders who profited from large cash crops. Yeomen farmers in the western Piedmont and mountains were not slaveholders and tended to support the [[United States Whig Party|Whig]] party, seen as more moderate on slavery and more supportive of business interests.

Following the Civil War, Republicans, including newly enfranchised freedmen, controlled the state government during Reconstruction. When federal troops were removed in the national compromise of 1877, the Democratic Party gained control of the state government, partly through white paramilitary groups conducting a campaign of violence against African-Americans to discourage them from voting, especially in the Piedmont counties. Despite that, the number of African-American officeholders peaked in the 1880s as they were elected to local offices in African-American-majority districts.<ref>Michael J. Klarman, ''From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality'', New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, p.30</ref>

Hard pressed poor cotton farmers created the [[Populist Party]] to challenge the establishment. Conditions turned much worse in the [[Panic of 1893]], as cotton prices fell. In North Carolina, largely-black Republican Party formed a fusion ticket with the largely-white [[United States Populist Party|Populist]], giving them control of the state legislature in 1894. In 1896 the Republican-Populist alliance took control of the governorship and many state offices. In response, many white Democrats began efforts to reduce voter rolls and turnout.<ref>[http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=224731 Richard H. Pildes, "Democracy, Anti-Democracy, and the Canon", ''Constitutional Commentary'', Vol.17, 2000, p. 27], accessed 10 March 2008</ref> During the late 1890s, conservative Democrats began to pass legislation to restrict voter registration and reduce voting by African-Americans and poor whites.

With the first step accomplished in 1896 by making registration more complicated and reducing African-American voter turnout, in 1898 the state's Democratic Party regained control of the state government. Contemporary observers described the election as a "contest unquestionably accompanied by violence, intimidation and fraud - to what extent we do not know - in the securing of a majority of 60,000 for the new arrangement".<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=McACAAAAYAAJ Albert Shaw, ''The American Monthly Review of Reviews'', Vol. XXII, July-December 1900, pp. 273–274], accessed 27 March 2008</ref> Using the slogan, "[[White Supremacy]]", and backed by influential newspapers such as the ''[[Raleigh News and Observer]]'' under publisher [[Josephus Daniels]], the Democrats ousted the Populist-Republican majority.
By 1900 new laws imposed [[poll taxes]] (voters had to pay a $1 tax, but not non-voters), residency requirements, and [[literacy test]]s. Initially the [[grandfather clause]] was used to exempt illiterate whites from the literacy test, but many were gradually disfranchised as well. By these efforts, by 1904 white Democratic legislators had completely eliminated African-American voter turnout in North Carolina.<ref>[http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=224731 Richard H. Pildes, "Democracy, Anti-Democracy, and the Canon", ''Constitutional Commentary'', Vol.17, 2000, pp. 12–13], accessed 10 March 2008</ref> Disfranchisement lasted until it was ended by the federal [[Voting Rights Act]] of 1965.

By 1900 North Carolina joined the "Solid Democratic South", with the blacks still members of the Republican Party but powerless in state and local affairs. However, some counties in North Carolina's western Piedmont and Appalachian Mountains continued to vote Republican, continuing a tradition that dated from their yeoman culture and opposition to [[secession]] before the Civil War. In 1952, aided by the presidential candidacy of popular war hero [[Dwight Eisenhower]], the Republicans were successful in electing a U.S. Congressman, [[Charles R. Jonas]].

In the mid-20th century Republicans began to attract white voters in North Carolina and other Southern states. This was after passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 under Democratic President Lyndon Johnson, which extended Federal protection and enforcement of civil rights for all American citizens. Because the Democratic Party had supported civil rights at the national level, most African-American voters (just under 25% of North Carolina's population in the 1960 census) initially aligned with the Democrats when they regained their franchise.<ref>[http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/php/state/php Historical Census Browser, 1960 US Census, University of Virginia], accessed 13 March 2008</ref> In 1972, aided by the landslide re-election of [[Richard Nixon]], Republicans in North Carolina elected their first governor and U.S. senator of the twentieth century.

Senator [[Jesse Helms]] played a major role in renewing the Republican Party and turning North Carolina into a two-party state. Under his banner, many conservative white Democrats in the central and eastern parts of North Carolina began to vote Republican, at least in national elections. In part, this was due to dissatisfaction with the national Democratic Party's stance on issues of [[civil rights]] and [[racial integration]]. In later decades, conservatives rallied to Republicans over social issues such as prayer in school, [[gun politics|gun rights]], [[abortion]] rights, and [[LGBT rights in the United States|gay rights]].{{Citation needed|27 March 2008|date=March 2008}}

Except for regional son [[Jimmy Carter]]'s [[United States presidential election, 1976|election in 1976]], North Carolina voted Republican in every presidential election from 1968 to 2004. At the state level, however, the Democrats still control most of the elected offices. President [[George W. Bush]] carried North Carolina with 56% of the vote in 2004, but in 2008 Democratic presidential candidate [[Barack Obama]] narrowly defeated Republican candidate [[John McCain]] in North Carolina; he was the first Democratic presidential nominee to win the state in 32 years. The Democratic Party's strength is increasingly centered in densely-populated urban counties such as [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]], [[Wake County, North Carolina|Wake]], [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]], and [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]], where the bulk of the state's population growth has occurred. The Republicans maintain a strong presence in many of North Carolina's rural and small-town counties, which have become heavily Republican. The [[suburban]] areas around the state's larger cities usually hold the balance of power and can vote both ways, and in 2008 trended towards the Democratic Party. State and local elections have become highly competitive compared to the previous one-party decades of the 20th century. For example, eastern North Carolina routinely elects Republican sheriffs and county commissioners, a shift that did not happen until the 1980s. Currently, each party holds a U.S. Senate seat. Democrats hold the governorship, majorities in both houses of the state legislature, state supreme court, and an eight to five majority of U.S. House seats from the state.

Two [[Presidents of the United States]] were born and raised in North Carolina, but both men began their political careers in neighboring [[Tennessee]], and were elected President from that state. The two men were [[James K. Polk]] and [[Andrew Johnson]]. A third U.S. President, [[Andrew Jackson]], may also have been born in North Carolina. However, as he was born almost precisely on the state line with [[South Carolina]], both states claim him as a native son, and historians have debated for decades over the precise site of Jackson's birthplace. On the grounds of the old state capitol in [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]] is a statue dedicated to the Presidents who were born in the state; Jackson is included in the statue. Jackson himself stated that he was born in what later became South Carolina, but at the time of his birth, the line between the states had not been surveyed.

North Carolina remains a [[Alcoholic beverage control state|control state]]. This is probably due to the state's strongly conservative Protestant heritage. Two of the state's counties - Graham and Yancey, which are both located in [[rural]] areas - remain "[[dry county|dry]]" (the sale of alcoholic beverages is illegal).[http://www.ncabc.com/faq/category.aspx] However, the remaining 98 North Carolina counties allow the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages, as is the case in most of the United States. Even in rural areas, the opposition to selling and drinking alcoholic beverages is declining, as the decreasing number of "dry" counties indicates.

In 2005, following substantial political maneuvering, the state legislature voted to implement a [[North Carolina Education Lottery|state lottery]], thus altering North Carolina's reputation as the "anti-[[lottery]]" state, where owning a lottery ticket from another state was once a felony. By 2005, every state surrounding North Carolina had a lottery in operation. The [[North Carolina Education Lottery]] began selling tickets on March 31, 2006. The lottery has had unexpectedly low sales since its inception.<ref>[http://www.wwaytv3.com/node/344 Lottery commissioner says games are doing well despite low sales | WWAY NewsChannel 3 | Wilmington NC News<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref>

===Notable Legislators and Politicians (past and present)===
*[[Jesse Alexander Helms]], (October 18, 1921 – July 4, 2008), five-term Republican United States Senator, Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1995 to 2001

===Elementary and secondary education===
{{See also|List of school districts in North Carolina|List of high schools in North Carolina}}

Elementary and secondary public schools are overseen by the [[North Carolina Department of Public Instruction]]. The [[North Carolina Superintendent of Public Instruction]] is the secretary of the [[North Carolina State Board of Education]], but the board, rather than the superintendent, holds most of the legal authority for making public education policy. In 2009, the board's chairman also became the "chief executive officer" for the state's school system.<ref>{{cite web|title=North Carolina Department of Public Instruction|url=http://www.ncpublicschools.org/}}</ref><ref>[http://www.newsobserver.com/politics/story/1429983.html News & Observer: Perdue's choice to lead state's school system takes office]</ref> North Carolina has 115 public school systems,<ref name="SchoolQF">{{cite web|title=North Carolina Public Schools Quick Facts|url=http://www.ncpublicschools.org/quickfacts/facts/}}</ref> each of which is overseen by a local school board. A county may have one or more systems within it. The largest school systems in North Carolina are the [[Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools]], [[Wake County Public School System]], [[Guilford County Schools]], [[Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools]], and [[Cumberland County Schools]]. In total there are 2,338 public schools in the state, including 93 [[charter schools]].<ref name="SchoolQF"/>

[[Image:2008-07-11 UNC-CH Old Well in the sun.jpg|thumb|right|The [[Old Well]] on the UNC-Chapel Hill campus]]
[[Image:Duke Chapel snow.JPG|thumb|left|The [[Duke Chapel]]]]

===Colleges and universities===
{{Further|[[List of colleges and universities in North Carolina]]}}
In 1795, North Carolina opened the first public university in the United States—the University of North Carolina (currently named the [[University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]]). More than 200 years later, the [[University of North Carolina]] system encompasses 17 [[public university|public universities]] including [[UNC-Chapel Hill]], [[North Carolina State University]], [[East Carolina University]], [[Western Carolina University]], [[UNC Charlotte]], [[UNC Greensboro]], [[UNC Pembroke]], [[UNC Wilmington]] and [[Appalachian State University]]. The system also supports several well-known [[historically African-American colleges and universities]] such as [[North Carolina A&T State University]], [[North Carolina Central University]], [[Winston-Salem State University]], [[Elizabeth City State University]], and [[Fayetteville State University]]. Along with its public universities, North Carolina has 58 public [[community college]]s in its [[North Carolina Community College System|community college system]].

==Sports and recreation==
{{Main|Sports in North Carolina}}

===Professional sports===
The state is also a center in American [[motorsports]], with more than 80% of [[NASCAR]] racing teams and related industries located in the Piedmont region. The largest race track in North Carolina is [[Charlotte Motor Speedway]] in [[Concord, North Carolina|Concord]] where the [[Sprint Cup Series]] holds three major races each year. The [[NASCAR Hall of Fame]], located in Charlotte, is due to open in 2010. Many of NASCAR's most famous driver dynasties, the Pettys, Earnhardts, Allisons, Jarretts and Waltrips all live within an hour of Charlotte.

In [[off-road]] [[motocycle]] racing, the [[Grand National Cross Country]] series makes two stops in North Carolina, [[Morganton, North Carolina|Morganton]] and [[Yadkinville, North Carolina|Yadkinville]]; the only other state to host two GNCC events is [[Ohio]]. For sport amateurs, the state holds the [[State Games of North Carolina]] each year.

Despite having over nine million people, North Carolina's population being spread out over three major metropolitan areas precluded attracting any [[major professional sports league]] teams until 1974, when the [[Charlotte Hornets (WFL)|New York Stars]] of the [[World Football League]] was relocated to Charlotte in the middle of the season and renamed the Charlotte Hornets (although the team was referred to as the Charlotte Stars for the first game in Charlotte). The [[National Football League|National Football League (NFL)]] is represented by the [[Carolina Panthers]], who began play in 1995, and call Charlotte's [[Bank of America Stadium]] home. In 2004, the NBA returned to the state with the [[Charlotte Bobcats]] who play their home games in [[Time Warner Cable Arena]]. The [[Carolina RailHawks FC|Carolina RailHawks]] are a men's professional soccer team in the [[USL First Division|United Soccer Leagues]], and their home field is the [[WakeMed Soccer Park]] in [[Cary, North Carolina|Cary]]. The [[American Indoor Football Association|American Indoor Football Association (AIFA)]] is represented by the [[Fayetteville Guard]] who plays at [[Cumberland County Crown Coliseum|Crown Coliseum]]. North Carolina was home to the [[Charlotte Rage]] and the [[Carolina Cobras]] of the [[Arena Football League (1987–2008)|Arena Football League]].

[[Image:BobcatsArena.jpg|thumb|left|200px|[[Time Warner Cable Arena]], home to the [[Charlotte Bobcats]] of the [[National Basketball Association|NBA]].]]Prior to that, the [[Carolina Cougars]] of the [[American Basketball Association]] played in various North Carolina cites (playing in the ABA for five seasons, ending in the spring of 1974). Current [[Charlotte Bobcats]] coach Larry Brown started his coaching career as head coach of the Cougars.

The first successful major professional sports team to be created in North Carolina were the [[New Orleans Hornets|Charlotte Hornets]] of the [[National Basketball Association|National Basketball Association (NBA)]], which began play in the 1988&ndash;89 season. The state remains without a [[Major League Baseball]] franchise despite numerous efforts to attract a team (including the 2006 push to relocate the [[Florida Marlins]] to Charlotte).

[[Image:RBC Center Stanley Cup Championship.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Stanley Cup awards ceremony at the RBC Center]]On June 19, 2006, the [[Carolina Hurricanes]], a [[National Hockey League|National Hockey League (NHL)]] franchise based in Raleigh, won the [[Stanley Cup]]. The Hurricanes, who call the [[RBC Center]] home, are the first major professional sports team from North Carolina to win their sport's highest championship. The team moved to the state in 1996 and played their games at the [[Greensboro Coliseum]] for their first 2 seasons in North Carolina before moving to their current home at the [[RBC Center|Entertainment and Sports Arena]] (later named the RBC Center) in Raleigh.

[[Image:Durhambulls.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Durham Bulls Athletic Park]]
North Carolina is a state known for minor league sports, notably the setting of the 1987 comedy ''[[Bull Durham]]'' about the [[Durham Bulls]] of the [[Carolina League]]. The state boasts over 30 minor league baseball teams in six different [[Minor League Baseball|minor leagues]], including the Triple-A [[International League]] teams in Charlotte and Durham. There are a number of indoor [[American football|football]], indoor [[football (soccer)|soccer]], minor league [[basketball]], and [[minor league]] ice hockey teams throughout the state. North Carolina has become a top [[golf]] destination for players across the nation, notably in [[Pinehurst Resort|Pinehurst]], and the community of [[Southern Pines, North Carolina|Southern Pines]] of [[Moore County, North Carolina|Moore County]] which is home to over 50 golf courses, as well as the coastal corridor between historic Wilmington, North Carolina and Myrtle Beach, South Carolina with over 110 golf courses.

From the 1930s to the early 1990s, the Mid Atlantic Championship Wrestling professional wrestling promotion, under the Crockett family, operated almost entirely out of Charlotte. Mid Atlantic was a long-time member of the [[National Wrestling Alliance]] and many of their top stars appeared on national television on NWA and later WCW events. Many retired or still-current wrestlers live in the Charlotte/Lake Norman area, including [[Ric Flair]], [[Ricky Steamboat]], [[Hardy Boyz|Matt and Jeff Hardy]], [[Stan Lane]], [[Shannon Moore]] and [[R-Truth]] Also, the [[chairman]] of [[World Wrestling Entertainment]], [[Vincent K. McMahon]] was born in [[Pinehurst]], attended [[East Carolina University]], and was married in [[New Bern]].

North Carolina has become a hot bed for professional [[bull riding]] [[Professional Bull Riders, Inc.|(PBR)]]. It is the home of the 1995 [[Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association|PRCA]] World Champion Bull Rider Jerome Davis. It is also home to several professional stock contractors and bull owners including Thomas Teague of Teague Bucking Bulls. The Golden Belt Buckle state champion for 2009–2010 is Brad Ballew out of Asheville, North Carolina. The Southern Extreme Bull Riding Association [[SEBRA]] headquarters are located in [[Archdale, North Carolina|Archdale]].

===College sports===
[[Image:Duke-Carolina basketball tip-off 2006.jpg|thumb|right|Tip-off of a Duke-UNC basketball game at the [[Dean Smith Center]]]]
Although North Carolina did not have a major-league professional sports franchise until the 1980s, the state has long been known as a hotbed of [[college basketball]]. Since the formation of the [[Atlantic Coast Conference]] (ACC) in 1953, the conference's North Carolina member schools have excelled in conference play. The [[University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]] (UNC), [[Duke University]], and [[North Carolina State University]] are all located within {{convert|25|mi|km}} of one another, creating fierce rivalries. [[Wake Forest University]], another ACC member, is located less than {{convert|100|mi|km}} to the west of these schools in [[Winston-Salem]]. UNC has won five [[NCAA]] national championships in basketball: 1957, 1982, 1993, 2005, and 2009. Duke has won four NCAA championships: 1991, 1992, 2001 and 2010. NC State has won two: 1974 and 1983. The [[Carolina-Duke rivalry|Duke-UNC basketball rivalry]] has been called one of the best rivalries in sports and the two schools are often contenders for the national title. In addition to the ACC schools, the [[University of North Carolina at Charlotte]] went to the NCAA's [[Final Four]] in 1977, and [[Davidson College]] near Charlotte went to the NCAA's "Elite Eight" in 1968, 1969, and 2008.

North Carolina schools have also won multiple NCAA Division II basketball national championships. In 1967, [[Winston-Salem State University]], led by future NBA star Earl Monroe and coached by the legendary Clarence "Big House" Gaines, was the first school in the state to win the Division II championship. In 1989, [[North Carolina Central University]] brought the title to the state a second time; winning the championship game by 27 points, which remains the largest margin of victory in its history. And in 2007, [[Barton College]] in Wilson returned the title to the state a third time.

Although basketball remains the dominant college sport in North Carolina, several schools have also enjoyed success in football and other sports. Wake Forest University has also enjoyed substantial success in football; in 2007 they won the ACC football championship and participated in the [[2007 Orange Bowl]] in [[Miami, Florida]]. This was the first major bowl berth for a North Carolina–based ACC team since Duke defeated Arkansas in the [[1961 Cotton Bowl Classic]]. [[East Carolina University]] also enjoys much success in football. Located in [[Greenville, North Carolina|Greenville]] the Pirates have won both the 2008 and 2009 [[Conference USA Football Championship]] and have large passionate fan base. The East Carolina Pirates were the first back-to-back C-USA champions since divisional play was started in 2005. The Pirates played in the Auto Zone Liberty Bowl for a second consecutive year on January 2, 2010. [[Elon University]] made 4 trips to the NAIA National Championship in football game winning back to back championships in 1980 and 1981. [[Lenoir-Rhyne University]] won the 1960 NAIA National Championship in football. [[Appalachian State University]], [[Elon University]], [[Western Carolina University]] and [[North Carolina A&T State University]] have all made trips to the NCAA Football Championship Subdivision championship playoffs. [[Western Carolina University]] has made one trip to this championship game, while [[Appalachian State University]] became the first school to win the championship three years in a row from 2005 to 2007.

[[Image:Blue Ridge NC.jpg|thumb|200px|The [[Blue Ridge Mountains]] of the Shining Rock Wilderness Area]]
Due to geography, rich history, and growing industry, North Carolina provides a large range of recreational activities from [[human swimming|swimming]] at the [[beach]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.igovacation.com/search_rentals/stateinfo.asp?State=nc |title=Best of North Carolina Beaches}}</ref> to [[skiing]] in the mountains. North Carolina offers [[Autumn leaf color|fall colors]], freshwater and saltwater [[fishing]], [[hunting]], [[birdwatching]], [[agritourism]], [[All-terrain vehicle|ATV]] trails, [[Hot air ballooning|ballooning]], [[rock climbing]], [[biking]], [[hiking]], [[skiing]], [[boating]] and [[sailing]], [[camping]], [[canoeing]], [[caving]] (spelunking), gardens, and [[arboretum]]s. North Carolina has [[theme park]]s, [[aquarium]]s, [[zoo]]s, [[museum]]s, [[historic site]]s, [[lighthouse]]s, elegant [[theater]]s, [[concert hall]]s, and [[fine dining]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.visitnc.com/what_to_do.asp|title=What To Do Across North Carolina|publisher=VisitNC.com|year=2006|accessdate=2006-12-18}}</ref>

North Carolinians enjoy outdoor recreation utilizing numerous local bike paths, 34 [[List of North Carolina state parks|state parks]], and 14 [[National Park Service|national parks]] which are the [[Appalachian National Scenic Trail]], the [[Blue Ridge Parkway]], [[Cape Hatteras National Seashore]], [[Cape Lookout National Seashore]], [[Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site]] at [[Flat Rock, Henderson County, North Carolina|Flat Rock]], [[Croatan National Forest]] in [[Eastern North Carolina]], [[Fort Raleigh National Historic Site]] at [[Manteo, North Carolina|Manteo]], [[Great Smoky Mountains National Park]], [[Guilford Courthouse National Military Park]] in [[Greensboro, North Carolina|Greensboro]], [[Moores Creek National Battlefield]] near [[Currie, North Carolina|Currie]], the [[Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail]], [[Old Salem|Old Salem National Historic Site]] in [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]], the [[Trail of Tears National Historic Trail]], [[Wright Brothers National Memorial]] in [[Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina]], [[Uwharrie Mountains|Uwharrie National Forest]].

== Other information ==
{{Main|Music of North Carolina}}
North Carolina is known particularly for its tradition of [[old-time music]], and many recordings were made in the early 20th century by folk song collector [[Bascom Lamar Lunsford]]. Musicians such as the [[North Carolina Ramblers]] helped solidify the sound of [[country music]] in the late 1920s, while the influential [[bluegrass music|bluegrass]] musician [[Doc Watson]] also came from North Carolina. Both North and South Carolina are a hotbed for traditional rural [[blues]], especially the style known as the [[Piedmont blues]].
Contemporary Jazz musician [[LeRoi Moore]], now deceased, of the [[Dave Matthews Band]] was born in Durham, North Carolina.

The Triangle area has long been a well-known center for [[Folk music|folk]], [[Rock music|rock]], [[metal music|metal]], and [[punk rock|punk]].<ref name="richie">{{cite book|last=Unterberger|first=Richie|title=Music USA: The Rough Guide|publisher=The Rough Guides|year=1999|isbn=1-85828-421-X}}</ref> [[James Taylor]] grew up around Chapel Hill and his 1968 song "[[Carolina in My Mind]]" has been called an unofficial anthem for the state.<ref>{{cite news | url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=XuYGAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6TsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3430,2859475&dq=carolina-in-my-mind+anthem | title=Hey, James Taylor – You've got a ... bridge? | work=[[Rome News-Tribune]] | date=May 21, 2002 | accessdate=June 28, 2009}}</ref><ref name="nando100206">{{cite news | url=http://www.newsobserver.com/161/story/493529.html | title=You must forgive him if he's ... | author=Hoppenjans, Lisa | work=[[The News & Observer]] | date=October 2, 2006 | accessdate=June 28, 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite news | url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/2008-10-17-2062938384_x.htm | title=James Taylor to play 5 free NC concerts for Obama | author=Waggoner, Martha | agency=[[Associated Press]] | work=[[USA Today]] | date=October 17, 2008 | accessdate=June 28, 2009}}</ref>

Also coming from Chapel Hill is the band Squirrel Nut Zippers, who played a big part in the 1990s swing revival.

===Famous food and drinks from North Carolina===
{{Unreferenced section|date=July 2008}}
[[Image:Lexington Barbecue Festival - Rides.jpg|thumb|2008 [[Lexington Barbecue Festival]]]]
A nationally-famous [[cuisine]] from North Carolina is pork [[barbecue]]. However, there are strong regional differences and rivalries over the sauces and method of preparation used in making the barbecue. Eastern North Carolina pork barbecue uses a [[vinegar]] and red pepper based sauce and the "whole hog" is cooked, thus using both white and dark meat. Western North Carolina pork barbecue uses a tomato-based sauce, and only the pork shoulder (dark meat) is used. Western North Carolina barbecue is commonly referred to as Lexington barbecue, after the [[Piedmont Triad]] town of [[Lexington, North Carolina|Lexington]], home of the [[Lexington Barbecue Festival]] which brings in over 100,000 visitors each October.<ref>{{cite book | title = Bob Garner's Guide to North Carolina Barbecue | last = Garner | first = Bob | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=PswNCQWI9RsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=north+carolina+barbecue&source=bll&ots=qYujuyf4_q&sig=v4D1RbYFNagi-FksfoTiBp2CWWg&hl=en&ei=6KF4S9nSLNOWtgek45GnCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=17&ved=0CD0Q6AEwEA# | publisher = John F. Blair, Publisher | year = 2007}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | title = What is North Carolina-Style BBQ? | url = http://ncbbq.com/Modules/Articles/article.aspx?id=20 | last = Craig | first = H. Kent | date = 2006 | publisher = ncbbq.com | accessdate = 2010-02-15}}</ref>

North Carolina is the birthplace of [[Pepsi-Cola]], first produced in 1890 in [[New Bern, North Carolina|New Bern]]. A regional [[soft drink]] created and still based in the state is [[Cheerwine]] out of Salisbury. [[Krispy Kreme]], a popular chain of doughnut stores, was started in North Carolina; the company's headquarters are in [[Winston-Salem, North Carolina|Winston-Salem]]. Despite its name, the hot sauce [[Texas Pete]] was created in North Carolina; its headquarters are also in Winston-Salem. The [[Hardees]] fast-food chain was started in [[Rocky Mount, North Carolina|Rocky Mount]]. Another fast-food chain, [[Bojangles']], was started in [[Charlotte, North Carolina|Charlotte]], and has its corporate headquarters there. A popular North Carolina restaurant chain is [[Golden Corral]]. Started in 1973, the chain was founded in [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]], with headquarters located in [[Raleigh, North Carolina|Raleigh]]. Popular [[pickles|pickle]] brand [[Mount Olive Pickle Company]] was founded in [[Mount Olive, North Carolina|Mount Olive]] in 1926. [[Cook Out (restaurant)|Cook Out]], a popular fast food chain featuring burgers, hot dogs, and milkshakes in a wide variety of flavors, was founded in Greensboro in 1989 and operates exclusively in North Carolina.

Over the last decade, North Carolina has become a haven for wine and beer making as tobacco land has been converted to grape orchards while state laws regulating alcohol content in beer allowed a jump in ABV from 6% to 15%. The Yadkin Valley in particular has become a popular place for grape production while the city of [[Asheville, North Carolina|Asheville]] recently won the recognition of being named 'Beer City USA.' [[Asheville, North Carolina|Asheville]] boasts the largest [[North_Carolina_breweries#Breweries|breweries]] per capita of any city in the United States. Popular brands of beer in NC include Highland Brewing, Weeping Radish Brewery, Big Boss Brewing, Foothills Brewing and Carolina Brewing Company.

===Ships named for the state===
{{see|USS North Carolina}}
Several ships have been named for the state. Most famous is the {{USS|North Carolina|BB-55|6}}, a World War II [[battleship]]. The ship served in several battles against the forces of Imperial Japan in the [[Pacific Ocean theater of World War II|Pacific theater]] during the [[World War II|war]]. Now decommissioned, it is part of the USS ''North Carolina'' Battleship Memorial in Wilmington. Another {{USS|North Carolina|SSN-777|6}}, a nuclear attack [[submarine]], was commissioned in Wilmington, North Carolina on May 3, 2008.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/2829981/|title=USS North Carolina 'brought to life' again |date=2008-05-03 |accessdate=2010-02-04 |publisher=[[WRAL-TV]]}}</ref>

[[Image:Northern Cardinal Male-27527-3.jpg|thumb|right|[[Northern Cardinal|Cardinal]], North Carolina state bird]]
[[Image:Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Multiple Flowers 2000px.JPG|thumb|right|[[Cornus florida|Dogwood]], North Carolina state flower]]

===State symbols===
{{Main|North Carolina state symbols}}
* '''[[List of U.S. state mottoes|State motto]]''': ''[[Esse quam videri]]'' ("To be, rather than to seem") (1893)
* '''[[List of U.S. state songs|State song]]''': "[[The Old North State (song)|The Old North State]]" (1927)
* '''[[List of U.S. state flowers|State flower]]''': [[Cornus florida|Dogwood]] (1941)
* '''[[List of U.S. state birds|State bird]]''': [[Northern Cardinal|Cardinal]] (1943)
* '''[[List of U.S. state colors|State colors]]''': the red and blue of the [[Flag of North Carolina|N.C.]] and [[Flag of the United States|U.S.]] flags (1945)
* '''State toast''': "[[North Carolina State Toast|The Tar Heel Toast]]" (1957)
* '''[[List of U.S. state trees|State tree]]''': [[Pine]] (1963)
* '''[[List of U.S. state shells|State shell]]''': [[Scotch bonnet (shell)|Scotch bonnet]] (1965)
* '''[[List of U.S. state mammals|State mammal]]''': [[Eastern Gray Squirrel]] (1969)
* '''[[List of U.S. state fish|State salt water fish]]''': [[Red drum|Red Drum]] (also known as the Channel bass) (1971)
* '''[[List of U.S. state insects|State insect]]''': [[Western honey bee|European honey bee]] (1973)
* '''[[List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones|State gemstone]]''': [[Emerald]] (1973)
* '''[[List of U.S. state reptiles|State reptile]]''': [[Eastern Box Turtle]] (1979)
* '''[[List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones|State rock]]''': [[Granite]] (1979)
* '''[[List of U.S. state beverages|State beverage]]''': [[Milk]] (1987)
* '''State historical boat''': [[Shad boat]] (1987)
* '''State language''': English (1987)
* '''State dog''': [[Plott Hound]] (1989)
* '''State military academy''': [[Oak Ridge Military Academy]] (1991)
* '''State tartan''': Carolina tartan (1991)<ref>[http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/images/Carolina_Tartan.jpg Secretary of State of North Carolina].</ref>
* '''[[List of U.S. state foods|State vegetable]]''': [[Sweet potato]] (1995)
* '''[[List of U.S. state foods|State red berry]]''': [[Strawberry]] (2001)
* '''[[List of U.S. state foods|State blue berry]]''': [[Blueberry]] (2001)
* '''[[List of U.S. state foods|State fruit]]''': [[Scuppernong]] grape (2001)
* '''[[List of U.S. state flowers|State wildflower]]''': [[Lilium michauxii|Carolina Lily]] (2003)
* '''State Christmas tree''': [[Fraser Fir]] (2005)
* '''State carnivorous plant''': [[Venus Flytrap]] (2005)
* '''State Sandwich''': [[Turkey]] (2005)
* '''[[List of U.S. state dances|State folk dance]]''': [[Clogging]] (2005)
* '''[[List of U.S. state dances|State popular dance]]''': [[Carolina Shag|Shag]] (2005)
* '''[[State donut]]''': [[Glaze (cooking technique)|Glaze]]d (2005)
* '''State freshwater trout''': [[Brook trout|Southern Appalachian Brook Trout]] (2005)
* '''State birthplace of traditional pottery''': [[Seagrove (NC)|the Seagrove area]] (2005)

===Armed Forces installations===
According to former Governor [[Mike Easley]], North Carolina is the "most military friendly state in the nation."<ref>{{cite press release|title=Gov. easily vows to keep N.C. most military friendly state in the Nation|publisher=State of North Carolina - Office of the Governor |date=2006-05-13|url=http://www.governor.state.nc.us/News_FullStory.asp?id=2048|accessdate=2007-06-23}}</ref> [[Fort Bragg, North Carolina|Fort Bragg]], near [[Fayetteville, North Carolina|Fayetteville]], is the largest and most comprehensive [[military base]] in the United States and is the headquarters of the [[XVIII Airborne Corps]], [[U.S. 82nd Airborne Division|82nd Airborne Division]], and the [[U.S. Army Special Operations Command]]. Serving as the airwing for Fort Bragg is [[Pope Air Force Base]] also located near Fayetteville. [[Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune]] which, when combined with nearby bases [[MCAS Cherry Point|Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Cherry Point]], [[Marine Corps Air Station New River|MCAS New River]], [[Camp Geiger]], [[Camp Gilbert H. Johnson|Camp Johnson]], [[Stone Bay]] and Courthouse Bay, makes up the largest concentration of Marines and sailors in the world. [[MCAS Cherry Point]] is home of the [[2nd Marine Aircraft Wing]]. Located in [[Goldsboro, North Carolina|Goldsboro]], [[Seymour Johnson Air Force Base]] is home of the [[4th Fighter Wing]] and [[916th Air Refueling Wing]]. One of the busiest air stations in the [[United States Coast Guard]] is located at the [[Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City|Coast Guard Air Station]] in [[Elizabeth City, North Carolina|Elizabeth City]]. Also stationed in North Carolina is the [[Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point]] in Southport.

==See also==
{{North Carolina portal}}
{{main|Outline of North Carolina|Index of North Carolina-related articles}}


==Further reading==
* Powell, William S. and Jay Mazzocchi, eds. ''Encyclopedia of North Carolina'' (2006) 1320pp; 2000 articles by 550 experts on all topics; ISBN 0807830712. The best starting point for most research.
* Clay, James, and Douglas Orr, eds., ''North Carolina Atlas: Portrait of a Changing Southern State'' 1971
* Crow; Jeffrey J. and Larry E. Tise; ''Writing North Carolina History'' [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=59237933 (1979) online]
* Fleer; Jack D. ''North Carolina Government & Politics'' [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98712979 (1994) online] political science textbook
* Hawks; Francis L. ''History of North Carolina'' 2 vol 1857
* Kersey, Marianne M., and Ran Coble, eds., ''North Carolina Focus: An Anthology on State Government, Politics, and Policy'', 2d ed., (Raleigh: North Carolina Center for Public Policy Research, 1989).
* Lefler; Hugh Talmage. ''A Guide to the Study and Reading of North Carolina History'' [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=65419833 (1963) online]
* Lefler, Hugh Talmage, and Albert Ray Newsome, ''North Carolina: The History of a Southern State'' (1954, 1963, 1973), standard textbook
* Link, William A. ''North Carolina: Change and Tradition in a Southern State'' (2009), 481pp history by leading scholar
* Luebke, Paul. ''Tar Heel Politics: Myths and Realities'' (1990).
* Powell William S. ''Dictionary of North Carolina Biography.'' Vol. 1, A-C; vol. 2, D-G; vol. 3, H-K. 1979-88.
* Powell, William S. ''North Carolina Fiction, 1734-1957: An Annotated Bibliography'' 1958
* Powell, William S. ''North Carolina through Four Centuries'' (1989), standard textbook
* Ready, Milton. ''The Tar Heel State: A History of North Carolina'' (2005) [http://www.amazon.com/Tar-Heel-State-History-Carolina/dp/1570035911/ref=sr_1_8/103-4827826-5463040?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1190827576&sr=1-8 excerpt and text search]
* WPA Federal Writers' Project. ''North Carolina: A Guide to the Old North State.'' 1939. famous [[WPA]]{{dn}} guide to every town

===Primary sources===
*Hugh Lefler, ''North Carolina History Told by Contemporaries (University of North Carolina Press, numerous editions since 1934)
*H. G. Jones, ''North Carolina Illustrated, 1524–1984'' (University of North Carolina Press, 1984)
*''North Carolina Manual'', published biennially by the Department of the Secretary of State since 1941.

==External links==

;Government and education
*[http://www.nc.gov/ North Carolina state government]
*[http://wikis.ala.org/godort/index.php/North_Carolina North Carolina State Databases] - Annotated list of searchable databases produced by North Carolina state agencies and compiled by the Government Documents Roundtable of the American Library Association.
*[http://www.nccommerce.com North Carolina Department of Commerce]
*[http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/ North Carolina state library]
*[http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/state/state_energy_profiles.cfm?sid=NC Energy & Environmental Data for North Carolina]
*[http://www.usgs.gov/state/state.asp?State=NC USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of North Carolina]
*[http://www.ers.usda.gov/StateFacts/NC.htm North Carolina facts from US Department of Agriculture ERS]
*[http://www.nccourts.org/Courts/Default.asp North Carolina Court System official site]
*[http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37000.html North Carolina facts from US Census Bureau]
*[http://www.visitnc.com North Carolina Travel and Tourism Website]
*[http://www.ncecho.org/ NC ECHO - North Carolina Exploring Cultural Heritage Online]
*[http://www.lib.unc.edu/ncc/ North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]
*[http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/specialcollections/greenngrowing/ Green 'N' Growing: The History of Home Demonstration and 4-H Youth Development in North Carolina] - hosted by NCSU Libraries Special Collections Research Center
*[http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/ NC Office of Archives and History]
*[http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/index.html NC Museum of History]
*[http://www.ncjobzone.com NC Employment website]
*[http://www.primalnature.org/northcarolina/wnc.html Old Growth Forest Wilderness Areas in ''Western'' North Carolina]
*[http://www.primalnature.org/northcarolina/enc.html Old Growth Forest Wilderness Areas in ''Eastern'' North Carolina]
*[http://www.appalachiantrail.com The Appalachian Trail]
*[http://www.ncatlasrevisited.org/ Updates of statewide trends since publication of ''The North Carolina Atlas'' in 2000]
*[http://the-lost-colony.blogspot.com Lost Colony Blog]
*[http://www.roanetnhistory.org/footenorthcarolina.html ''Sketches of North Carolina''] by William Henry Foote (1846) - Full-text history book

{{Geographic Location
|Centre = North Carolina
|North = [[Virginia]]
|Northeast =
|East = Atlantic Ocean
|Southeast =
|South = [[South Carolina]]
|Southwest = [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]]
|West = [[Tennessee]]
|Northwest =

{{North Carolina}}
{{NC cities and mayors of 100,000 population}}
{{United States}}
{{Template group
|list =
{{United States}}
{{Confederate States of America}}
{{United States topics}}
|preceded = [[New York]]
|office = [[List of U.S. states by date of statehood]]
|years = Ratified [[Constitution of the United States of America|Constitution]] on November 21, 1789 (12th)
|succeeded = [[Rhode Island]]

[[Category:North Carolina| ]]
[[Category:Native American history of North Carolina]]
[[Category:States of the United States]]
[[Category:States of the Confederate States of America]]
[[Category:Southern United States]]
[[Category:Former British colonies]]
[[Category:Spanish colonization of the Americas]]
[[Category:States and territories established in 1789]]

[[ang:Norþ Carolīna]]
[[ar:كارولاينا الشمالية]]
[[an:Carolina d'o Norte]]
[[ast:Carolina del Norte]]
[[az:Şimali Karolina]]
[[bn:নর্থ ক্যারোলাইনা]]
[[zh-min-nan:North Carolina]]
[[be:Штат Паўночная Караліна]]
[[bcl:North Carolina]]
[[bs:Sjeverna Carolina]]
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[[bg:Северна Каролина]]
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[[cv:Çурçĕр Каролина]]
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[[cy:Gogledd Carolina]]
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[[nv:Náhookǫsjí Kééláanah Hahoodzo]]
[[el:Βόρεια Καρολίνα]]
[[es:Carolina del Norte]]
[[eo:Norda Karolino]]
[[eu:Ipar Carolina]]
[[fa:کارولینای شمالی]]
[[fo:North Carolina]]
[[fr:Caroline du Nord]]
[[fy:Noard Karolina]]
[[ga:Carolina Thuaidh]]
[[gv:Carolina Hwoaie]]
[[gd:Carolina a Tuath]]
[[gl:Carolina do Norte]]
[[hak:Pet Khà-lò-lòi-na̍p]]
[[ko:노스캐롤라이나 주]]
[[hy:Հյուսիսային Կարոլինա]]
[[hi:उत्तरी केरोलिना]]
[[hr:Sjeverna Karolina]]
[[ig:Nort Kárólínạ]]
[[bpy:নর্থ ক্যারোলাইনা]]
[[id:Carolina Utara]]
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[[os:Цæгат Каролинæ]]
[[it:Carolina del Nord]]
[[he:קרוליינה הצפונית]]
[[jv:North Carolina]]
[[pam:North Carolina]]
[[ka:ჩრდილოეთი კაროლინა]]
[[ks:नार्थ कैरोलाइना]]
[[kw:Karolina Gledh]]
[[sw:North Carolina]]
[[ht:Karolin dinò]]
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[[lad:Carolina del Norte]]
[[la:Carolina Septentrionalis]]
[[lt:Šiaurės Karolina]]
[[lij:Carolina do Nòrd]]
[[li:North Carolina]]
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[[mk:Северна Каролина]]
[[ml:വടക്കൻ കരൊലൈന]]
[[mi:North Carolina]]
[[mr:नॉर्थ कॅरोलिना]]
[[arz:كارولاينا الشماليه]]
[[ms:Carolina Utara]]
[[nah:Carolina Mictlāmpa]]
[[nl:North Carolina]]
[[oc:Carolina del Nòrd]]
[[uz:Shimoliy Karolina]]
[[pnb:نارتھ کیرولائنا]]
[[pms:Carolin-a dël Nòrd]]
[[pl:Karolina Północna]]
[[pt:Carolina do Norte]]
[[ro:North Carolina (stat SUA)]]
[[rm:North Carolina]]
[[qu:North Carolina suyu]]
[[ru:Северная Каролина]]
[[sq:North Carolina]]
[[scn:Carolina dû Nord]]
[[simple:North Carolina]]
[[sk:Severná Karolína]]
[[sl:Severna Karolina]]
[[szl:Půłnocno Karolina]]
[[sr:Северна Каролина]]
[[sv:North Carolina]]
[[ta:வட கரொலைனா]]
[[tt:Төньяк Каролина]]
[[tr:Kuzey Karolina]]
[[uk:Північна Кароліна]]
[[ur:شمالی کیرولینا]]
[[ug:Shimaliy Karolina Shitati]]
[[vi:Bắc Carolina]]
[[vo:North Carolina]]
[[war:North Carolina]]
[[yi:צפון קאראליינע]]
[[yo:North Carolina]]
[[diq:Karolina Zımey]]
[[bat-smg:Šiauris Karolina]]

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