Introduction to Flavors

Ubuntu Flavors are a distinct experience relative to the "plain" Ubuntu Desktop, whether it be a particular desktop environment, a specific intended use case, or a particular theme. The difference between the flavors are in the set of packages installed.

However, all flavors of Ubuntu use the same repository for downloading updates, so the same set of packages is available regardless of which flavor you have installed. In other words, everything that's available on Ubuntu is available on all the other flavors. Similarly, all flavors share a core set of packages with stock Ubuntu.

In these two ways, each flavor is Ubuntu, while also being unique relative to it.

New flavors have to go through a process to become a Recognized Flavor.

These are not to be confused with unofficial derivatives.

About the Flavors



First Official Release


kubuntu/live, kubuntu/ship-live, kubuntu/ship, kubuntu/dvd, kubuntu/dvd-live



xubuntu/desktop, xubuntu/ship-live

6.06 LTS





lubuntu/live, lubuntu/ship-live


Ubuntu Kylin



Ubuntu MATE



Ubuntu Budgie



Edubuntu (deprecated)

edubuntu/dvd, edubuntu/dvd-live


Mythbuntu (deprecated)



Ubuntu GNOME (deprecated)



All of these flavors distribute installation images.

Current flavors


Kubuntu offers KDE's Plasma Workspace experience on top of the Ubuntu core system. Built using the Qt toolkit it offers a modern, good-looking and stable system for home and office use.


Lubuntu is a faster, more lightweight and energy saving variant of Ubuntu using LXDE, the Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment. It is targeted at "normal" PC and laptop users running on low-spec hardware.

Ubuntu Budgie

Ubuntu Budgie provides the Budgie desktop environment which focuses on simplicity and elegance. It provides a traditional desktop metaphor based interface utilising a customisable panel-based menu driven system.

Ubuntu Kylin

The objective of the Ubuntu Kylin project is to create a variant of Ubuntu that is more suitable for previous Windows users all over the world. We are committed to provide you with a simpler and more enjoyable experience out-of-the-box.

Ubuntu MATE

Ubuntu MATE aims to bring the simplicity and elegance of the Ubuntu operating system through a classic, traditional desktop environment: the MATE desktop. MATE is the continuation of the GNOME 2 desktop environment, which was used as Ubuntu's default desktop until 10.10.

Ubuntu Studio

Ubuntu Studio is a community supported multimedia creation flavor of Ubuntu. Ubuntu Studio is aimed at the GNU/Linux audio, video and graphic enthusiast as well as professional.


Xubuntu is an elegant and easy to use operating system. Xubuntu comes with Xfce, which is a stable, light and configurable desktop environment.

Deprecated flavors


The Edubuntu flavor is targeted at schools. It includes applications and games appropriate for children. Edubuntu is designed for a teacher or network administrator to be able to setup a complete classroom quickly and easily. The final release of Edubuntu is 14.04 Trusty Tahr, supported until April 2019.


Mythbuntu is a community supported add-on for Ubuntu focused upon setting up a standalone MythTV based PVR system. It can be used to prepare a standalone system or for integration with an existing MythTV network. The final release of Mythbuntu is 16.04 Xenial Xerus, supported until April 2019.

Ubuntu GNOME

Ubuntu GNOME is a community supported flavor of Ubuntu that uses GNOME Shell instead of Unity, along with a plethora of GTK+ 3 applications associated with the GNOME Desktop Environment. As of 17.10 Artful Aardvark, GNOME became the default desktop environment of vanilla Ubuntu, making the final release of Ubuntu GNOME 16.04 Xenial Xerus, supported until April 2019.

For cross-flavor discussion, please contact the mailing list at ubuntu-flavors@lists.ubuntu.com or join the #ubuntu-flavors channel on Freenode IRC.

UbuntuFlavors (last edited 2019-07-16 22:49:24 by wxl)