Glossary of Terms
The following Glossary of Terms is meant to be an information resource and reference of commonly and uncommonly used terms, formatted for use in the UWN, and arranged alphabetically. This is a work in progress.
WORK IN PROGRESS
ACK - Acknowledgment.
acpid - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface Daemon.
AGPLv3 - Affero General Public License, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affero_General_Public_License.
API - Application Programming Interface.
ARM - Acorn RISC Machine
BOF - Birds of a Feather - An informal discussion group, based on a shared interest, discussing without a pre-planned agenda
BTRFS - B-Tree File System
BTS - Debian Bug Tracking System - http://bugs.debian.org/
CC - Community Council - https://discourse.ubuntu.com/t/what-is-the-ubuntu-community-council/706
CC - Creative Commons.
CLI - Command Line Interface.
CMS - Content Management System.
CoC - Code of Conduct - http://www.ubuntu.com/community/conduct
DD - Debian Developer
DFSG - Debian Free Software Guidelines
DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
d-i - debian-installer
DIF - Debian Import Freeze - After this point, packages aren't automatically imported from Debian when updated. Time to focus on bugfixing & integration
DIT - Directory Information Tree, for implementations of LDAP.
DIY - Do It Yourself
DMB - Developer Membership Board.
DNS - Domain Name System.
DPMT - Debian Python Module Team - https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ContributingToDebian/PythonModulesTeam
DRBD - a block device which is designed to build high availability clusters.
DRM - Direct Rendering Manager
EOL - End Of Life
EVDO - Evolution-Data Optimized wireless communication.
FF - Feature Freeze.
FFe - Feature Freeze exception.
FLOSS - Free Libre Open Source Software.
FOSS - Free Open Source Software.
FOSDEM - Free and Open Source Software Developers' European Meeting.
FTP - File Transfer Protocol.
FTBFS - Fails To Build From Source. - For example when building a package with debuild (http://qa.ubuntuwire.com/ftbfs/)
FUD - Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt.
GDM - GNOME Display Manager.
give-back - Give back to the builder - Retry a build.
GPG - GNU Privacy Guard - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/GnuPrivacyGuardHowto http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gpg
GPL - General Public License.
GPU - Graphics Processing Unit.
GSMA - Groupe Speciale Mobile Association.
GUADEC - GNOME Users’ And Developers’ European Conference.
GUI - Graphical User Interface.
HA - High Availability.
HAL - Hardware Abstraction Layer
HDD - Hard Disk Drive
ICT - Information and Communitcation Technology.
IM - Instant Messaging.
IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol.
IP - Intellectual Property. A term used as a blanket to cover Copyrights, Trademarks and Patents.
IPsec - Internet Protocol Security.
IRC - Internet Relay Chat.
ISO - International Organization for Standardization. Also, the suffix given to disk images that comply with the conventional Standards format.
ISV - Independent Software Vendors.
ITA - Intent To Adopt - http://people.debian.org/~mpalmer/debian-mentors_FAQ.html
ITP - Intent To Package - http://people.debian.org/~mpalmer/debian-mentors_FAQ.html
JDK - (OpenJDK) Java Developer's Kit.
KML - Keyhole Markup Language: an XML-based language schema for expressing geographic annotation and visualization.
KVM - Kernel based Virtual Machine.
LAMP - Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl (or some say PHP).
LAPP - Linux, Apache, PostgreSQL, Perl (or some say PHP).
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display.
LD - Local Directory.
LDAP - Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.
LGPL - Lesser General Public License.
LKML - Linux Kernel Mailing List.
LoCo - Local Community
LPI - Launchpad Integration.
lrm - linux-restricted-modules
LTS - Long Term Support. - Said of a release that will receive support for 3-years/5-years rather than the typical 18 months
LTSP - Linux Terminal Server Project.
LUG - Linux User's Group.
LVM - Logical Volume Manager.
MC - MOTU Council - https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MOTU/Council
MIA - Missing In Action.
MID - Mobile Internet Device.
MIR - Main Inclusion Report - https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MainInclusionProcess
MoM - Merge-o-Matic - The official Ubuntu merge system, which lists outstanding packages where there has been a Debian upload since the last Ubuntu upload. http://merges.ubuntu.com/
MOTU - Master Of The Universe - Developers responsible for the Universe and Multiverse repositories. https://wiki.ubuntu.com/MOTU
MOTU SWAT - MOTU Special Weapons And Tactics - Handles Universe Security
NAS - Network-attached storage.
NBS - Not Built from Source - Packages no longer built from source, and therefore candidates for removal from the archives. https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuDevelopment/NBS
NGO - Non-governmental Organization.
NMU - Non-maintainer upload - Term from the Debian world. When someone other than the formal maintainer uploads a package, f.ex. containing a bug fix
NTFS - the standard file system of Windows NT.
NTP - Network Time Protocol.
NTR - Nonprofit Technology Resources.
ODF - Open Document Format.
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer.
OP - Original Poster.
OS - Operating System.
OSCON - The O'Reilly Open Source Convention.
OSD - On Screen Display.
OSS - Open Source Software.
OTFC - Open and Free Technology Community - #debian-python is on the OFTC IRC network (for example irc.debian.org to get a nearby server). #ubuntu-motu is on the freenode IRC network (for example irc.ubuntu.com to get a nearby server) http://www.oftc.net
PAM - Pluggable Authentication Module.
PAPT - Python Applications Packaging Team - Debian packaging team of python programs which don't provide public modules http://python-apps.alioth.debian.org/policy.html
PDA - Personal Digital Assistant.
POP3 - Post Office Protocol version 3.
PPA - Personal Package Archive - http://help.launchpad.net/PPA
PPA - Personal Project Archive.
Q&A - Question And Answer.
QA - Quality Assurance.
RC - Release Candidate.
RC - Release Critical
REVU - ??? - A community developed package review site http://revu.ubuntuwire.com
RFP - Request For Package - http://people.debian.org/~mpalmer/debian-mentors_FAQ.html
RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RMB - Regional Membership Board.
RNG - Random Number Generator
ROCK - Recognized Of Considerable Knowledge - Used as a compliment
SaaS - Software as a Service.
sabdfl - Self Appointed Benevolent Dictator For Life - Mark Shuttleworth.
SASL - Simple Authentication and Security Layer: a framework for authentication and data security in Internet protocols.
SFD - Software Freedom Day.
SoC - System on a Chip.
SoHo - Small Office, Home Office.
SMB - Small, Medium sized Business
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
SRU - Search/Retrieve via URL.
SRU - Stable release updates. - http://wiki.ubuntu.com/StableReleaseUpdates
SSD - Solid State Drive.
SSH - Secure SHell - a network protocol that allows data to be exchanged using a secure channel between two networked devices.
SSL - Secure Sockets Layer.
svm - Support Vector Machine.
SWAT - Samba Web Administration Tool.
TB - Technical Board - http://www.ubuntu.com/community/processes/techboard
TCK - Technology Compatibility Kit.
TIL - Touched-It-Last - The last person who uploaded a package. He's responsible for syncing or merging it when a new development cycle starts.
Tls - Transport Layer Security, successor to Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
UEC - Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud.
UF - Ubuntu Forums.
UDS - Ubuntu Developer Summit.
UEC - Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud.
UEHS - Ubuntu External Health Status - http://qa.ubuntuwire.com/uehs/
UME - Ubuntu Mobile and Embedded.
u-m-s - ubuntu-main-sponsors - Sponsor list for packages that are in main or restricted https://launchpad.net/~ubuntu-main-sponsors
unmetdeps - UNMET DEPendencieS - Packages that cannot be installed as the dependencies cannot be satisfied
UNE - Ubuntu Netbook Edition.
Unity - Ubuntu's New Desktop Shell
UNR - Ubuntu Netbook Remix.
USB - Universal Serial Bus.
UTC - Coordinated Universal Time: UTC replaced GMT as the basis for the main reference time scale or civil time in various regions on January 1, 1972.
u-u-s - ubuntu-universe-sponsors - Sponsor list for packages that are in universe or multiverse https://launchpad.net/~ubuntu-universe-sponsors
VCS - Version Control Systems
UVF - Upstream Version Freeze
UWN - Ubuntu Weekly News
VGA - Video Graphics Array.
VM - Virtual Machine
VNC - Virtual Network Computing.
VPN - Virtual Private Network.
WNPP - Work-Needing and Prospective Packages - List of packages in need of new maintainers and prospective packages in Debian http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/
WPA - Wi-Fi Protected Access.
WS-Security - Web Service Security.