1 [21:01] <ClassBot> Logs for this session will be available at http://irclogs.ubuntu.com/2011/01/29/%23ubuntu-classroom.html following the conclusion of the session. 2 [21:01] <pleia2> Hi everyone! Welcome to the session on Desktop Environments. 3 [21:01] <pleia2> Quick introductions, I'm Elizabeth Krumbach, a member of the Ubuntu Community Council and I've been using Xubuntu since my first *buntu install and have been using XFCE since 2003. My day job is as Debian Sysadmin. 4 [21:02] <maco> I'm Mackenzie Morgan, and I'm a MOTU & member of the Americas Regional Membership Board. I used Ubuntu from 2006-2008 and Kubuntu 2009 to now. I am an as-of-this-past-Monday member of the real world instead of being a student anymore :P 5 [21:03] <pleia2> OK, to start out, I will quickly explain what a Desktop Environment is. 6 [21:03] <pleia2> A Desktop Environment is the full interface, including Window Manager, panels, menus, engines, tools and applications which are put or built to work together. 7 [21:03] <pleia2> By default, when you install Ubuntu you will get "Gnome" as your Desktop Environment. Other options for a Desktop Environment include KDE and XFCE. 8 [21:03] <pleia2> I will note, as it can be confusing, but a "Window Manager" is not a "Desktop Environment", it's only a part of it. At the core, a Window Manager simply handles the behavior of the windows on your screen. 9 [21:04] <pleia2> To add complexity, we've also been hearing a lot about "Unity" and "Gnome Shell" - a "Shell" in the graphical sense is more than a Window Manager and less than a Desktop Environment. If you want to learn more about Unity, jcastro is doing a session at 03:00 UTC. 10 [21:04] <pleia2> As far as Window Managers go, Gnome uses Metacity, KDE uses KWin, and XFCE uses XFwm. A common example of when you may replace a Window Manager is when you use Compiz Fusion, the window manager which gives you "The Cube" and other effects in the Gnome or KDE Desktop Environments. 11 [21:05] <pleia2> So, why would you want to switch from Gnome, the default in Ubuntu, to a different Desktop Environment? 12 [21:05] <pleia2> One popular reason is simply preference. Give another one a try! You may like you find out how customizable the panels are in XFCE, or the flashy widgets are in KDE. 13 [21:05] <pleia2> Another is speed/performance. Some let you slim down your environment by loading up fewer things by default, some are faster (usually by sacrificing eye candy), some work with lighter window managers which may run better on your system. 14 [21:06] <pleia2> Any questions so far? 15 [21:07] <pleia2> < Interficio> So what what desktop enviroment would you suggest if your running the ubuntu netbook edition? 16 [21:08] <pleia2> the ubuntu netbook edition comes with a version of gnome adapted for the netbook 17 [21:08] <maco> That's what's now known as Unity 18 [21:08] <pleia2> personally I didn't like it a whole lot and just use regular gnome on my netbook, it's really about personal preference 19 [21:09] <maco> Kubuntu Netbook on the other hand uses Plasma Netbook, an interface upstream KDE created for netbooks 20 [21:09] <maco> So, the default DEs in the various Ubuntu releases are: GNOME in Ubuntu, KDE in Kubuntu, Xfce in Xubuntu, and...well LXDE in Lubuntu but...Lyz are you going to talk about that? Lubuntu isn't official yet, as far as I know. 21 [21:09] <pleia2> No, we're skipping LXDE this time around 22 [21:10] <maco> You can install any of them from a CD specifically containing that version, or you can install another of them right along with your current version by simply installing the *-desktop metapackage 23 [21:11] <maco> It'll pull in everything that's normally included on the CD for that version and add an entry to the options on your login screen so you can pick between them 24 [21:11] <maco> It won't replace the existing one, just add to it. (And by the way, metapackages are just dummy packages that pull in lots of others as dependencies so you can get full sets.) 25 [21:12] <maco> Each has its own default set of applications. If you get more than one of them, you'll end up with lots of applications installed 26 [21:12] <maco> Many of those will do the same thing 27 [21:13] <maco> You'll also notice that each has its own default theme and wallpaper and all that goodness. Ubuntu's historically been the brown one, but now it's eggplant/aubergine/purple. Kubuntu's the blue one. And Xubuntu's that funny colour that comes between blue and grey 28 [21:16] <ClassBot> taves asked: while running Kubuntu i noticed there were different in sytax ie. instead of gksudo it was kdesudo are all the commands different for each environment 29 [21:17] <pleia2> not all of them, but as the DEs feel the need they will create and adapt the code to work better within their environment 30 [21:17] <maco> The graphical applications are different, so in that case you're invoking different graphical applications for requesting credentials. You can use gksudo on Kubuntu if you install it. No harm in using "gksudo kate" for example. Normal command line stuff (mv, irssi, cp) is the same though 31 [21:17] <ClassBot> digbydog asked: you mentioned 'upstream' which some other people have used today. Could you explain it's meaning? 32 [21:17] <pleia2> "upstream" just means the project above the one you're using 33 [21:17] <maco> Code flows from upstream to downstream (like water in a river) 34 [21:18] <pleia2> right, so there is a gnome project, and ubuntu takes gnome from that, so gnome is upstream from ubuntu 35 [21:18] <maco> Upstream writes it, downstream (in this case Ubuntu) packages it and maybe patches it a bit too 36 [21:18] <ClassBot> nhandler asked: Should I worry if apt says it is going to remove ubuntu-desktop (or another meta package)? 37 [21:19] <maco> It's not the scary "oh god my entire desktop is going away" thing it sounds like, BUT it could make upgrades go less smoothly 38 [21:20] <pleia2> when it says that, it means you're removing one of the packages that is the ubuntu-desktop meta package pulls in 39 [21:21] <ClassBot> taves asked: so instead of running dual boot Kubuntu and Ubuntu i can install the KDE environment on my *buntu 40 [21:21] <maco> Exactly 41 [21:21] <pleia2> Ok, that's all the questions for now so we'll move on, now, each of these comes with different software and looks different, we'll now explain a bit about them and how they differ 42 [21:23] <maco> Ubuntu, being GNOME-based, has a top and bottom panel. Bottom lists your windows and workspaces. Top has menus to get to apps and configure stuff and also your clock and all 43 [21:24] <maco> The top panel is also where you find the broadcast UI for using Twitter / Identi.ca 44 [21:25] <maco> Kubuntu uses the KDE4 Plasma-Desktop interface on the desktop mode and Plasma-Netbook for netbooks. Starting with 10.10 (Maverick), these are on a single iso 45 [21:25] <maco> Which interface you see on first login is determined by your screen resolution 46 [21:25] <maco> You can change between them in System Settings -> Workspace if you have a preference. I actually use Plasma Netbook on my 22" screen at work 47 [21:26] <maco> Plasma-Desktop has a fairly normal menu for launching applications (but with a search box) in the bottom left corner 48 [21:26] <maco> Plasma-Netbook has the menu embedded in the desktop 49 [21:28] <maco> Ubuntu's defaut set of applications includes Empathy for IM, Firefox for web, Tomboy for notes, Evolution for mail/cal/address, and some other stuff 50 [21:29] <maco> In Kubuntu these are corresponded to by Kopete, Arora, hmm for notes I think that's mixed into the next bit which is Kontact 51 [21:29] <maco> One thing Kubuntu has that you don't see in Ubuntu so much is that you can have lots of widgets. They can be rotated or resizes or even overlapped. One of these is on the Plasma-Desktop by default to contain all your files and such on the desktop to a small area instead of scattering everywhere 52 [21:30] <maco> In Plasma-Netbook you get a page called Page One that can scroll to fit *even more* widgets on your itty bitty screen 53 [21:30] <maco> Any questions? 54 [21:32] <maco> <shadeslayer> maco: s/arora/rekonq :P <-- he's right. the Kubuntu team went through many arguments about default browser 55 [21:32] <ClassBot> taves asked: using the KDE4 on ubuntu does it keep all my programs and commands? or do i have 2 im's such as empathy and kopete? 56 [21:32] <maco> Yes, you'd have both 57 [21:33] <maco> I used Pidgin with Kubuntu for a long while 58 [21:33] <ClassBot> sebsebseb asked: Is this one of the last one of these kind of sessions for User Days or Open Week? Since soon things will be mainly about Unity and Gnome Shell when comes to Ubuntu. 59 [21:34] <pleia2> Unity and Gnome Shell are just for Gnome :) 60 [21:34] <maco> You can pry Plasma out of Kubuntu's cold dead hands :P 61 [21:34] <pleia2> KDE and XFCE will still go on as they are, so next time we can do the same session 62 [21:35] <pleia2> (with Gnome section expanded to talk about Unity, etc) 63 [21:35] <pleia2> So, Xfce and Xubuntu! 64 [21:35] <pleia2> Some examples of how Xubuntu with Xfce differs from Ubuntu: it doesn't come with Open Office, instead it comes with lighter-weight "abiword" for word processing and "gnumeric" for spreadsheets. 65 [21:36] <pleia2> It does use gdm for the graphical login, and several other gnome things, but even those are discussed each release to see if they are still the best viable option for Xubuntu 66 [21:36] <pleia2> The default Xubuntu in Lucid looks like this: http://people.ubuntu.com/~lyz/xfce/xubuntu04.png (maverick didn't change much - but watch out for some exciting changes in natty!) 67 [21:37] <pleia2> As mentioned above, Xubuntu uses the XFwm by default for the window manager. It uses Thunar for a basic file manager, as sorta seen here: http://people.ubuntu.com/~lyz/xfce/xubuntu06.png (it's pretty basic though) 68 [21:37] <pleia2> The Xfce panels (at the top and bottom in the screenshot) have their own items you can add, but you can also use gnome panel items. 69 [21:38] <pleia2> For some more screenshots of the installation and default configuration of Xubuntu you can see: http://people.ubuntu.com/~lyz/xfce/ (these were taken from Lucid, but give you a good idea) 70 [21:38] <pleia2> Most of what you'll find app-wise is that Xubuntu takes apps from other DEs, you can even run the gnome and kde services in the background so things launch more quickly even on Xfce 71 [21:39] <pleia2> For more, check out http://xubuntu.org/ and http://www.xfce.org/ 72 [21:40] <pleia2> That pretty much wraps up our prepared presentation, questions? 73 [21:41] <ClassBot> shadeslayer asked: How about metioning edubuntu as well? :D they have this cool new feature where you can launch a edubuntu session on the web 74 [21:41] <maco> Edubuntu is sort of a hybrid of Ubuntu and Kubuntu for educational purposes 75 [21:42] <maco> It's a GNOME desktop with the KDE Education suite added on, and yes, the thing where you can play with it online to try it out is SO COOL 76 [21:42] <pleia2> and there is also qimo4kids.com - another educational suite which uses XFCE 77 [21:42] <ClassBot> taves asked: so gnome is avail for other *nixs aswell not just ubuntu 78 [21:42] <maco> Yep 79 [21:42] <pleia2> right 80 [21:43] <maco> Ubuntu's is slightly modified, though...for example the notification system started in Ubuntu (though some other distros offer it in their repos now) 81 [21:43] <ClassBot> taves asked: whats canonical? 82 [21:43] <maco> Canonical is the company that funds Ubuntu development 83 [21:43] <maco> see http://canonical.com 84 [21:43] <pleia2> they also control the trademarks 85 [21:47] <maco> If you have any questions about Unity, GNOME, and the relationship thereof, hold them for jcastro's session at 0300 UTC please 86 [21:48] <maco> Sorry, make that "questions or opinions" 87 [21:51] <ClassBot> There are 10 minutes remaining in the current session. 88 [21:56] <ClassBot> There are 5 minutes remaining in the current session.