Purpose of this Guide

This guide is specifically aimed at helping you to get any professional soundcard working with Ubuntu Edgy (6.10).

  • If you would like to help me maintain this page, improve it, expand it, or simply provide feedback on what did/didn't work out for you, don't hesitate to comment the page at the bottom. ttoine

ALSA for Ubuntu 6.10 with one or more soundcards

In this exemple, I will use a Echo Digital Audio Corporation 'Indigo I/O' pcmcia soundcard for input and output. Don't mind, it is the same job to configure a pci soundcard. Do not simply cut-and-paste the commands here, because you will have to change the alsa driver name of the soundcard chipset, and of course the driver version may be changed.. For my Echo Indigo I/O, it is "indigoio". You may find the diver name of the alsa chipset name of your card on this page:

Alsa can manage more than one soundcard, so try to find the driver names of all your soundcards.

If you're having trouble understanding what's being done, you can try the Ubuntu IRC, the forums, the Wiki, the documentation on ALSA, etc...

The Installation

What is compulsory :

  • the linux-headers package of your kernel to compile the ALSA drivers. you may find the good version with a "uname -r" in a terminal
  • the "build-essential" package in order than you can launch ./configure, make, etc... to compile source
  • some dev "curses" librairies, packages are: "libncurses5-dev", "libncursesw5-dev" and "ncurses-term"
  • the "alsa-tools-gui" package to get the specific gui to control and tweak some soundcards, like the gui Echo or RME you can have in Windows or Macos.

You can install these packages with synaptics, or by running this line in terminal:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev ncurses-term alsa-tools-gui

You also need to download the ALSA source files from, I recommend alsa-libs, alsa-driver, alsa-firmware, and alsa-utils, versions 1.0.13 or newer. Be care not to download rc releases, they are not to be considered as stable.

Extract the sources with the gnome archive manager (e.g in /home/yourname/alsa (create the directory)), or in command line, i.e:

gunzip alsa-*.gz
tar xvf alsa-*.tar

Begin configuring and compiling the code:

With the terminal, go where are the extracted sources and run :

cd alsa-driver-1.0.13
make clean
make mrproper
./configure --with-cards=indigoio --with-oss=yes --with-sequencer=yes
sudo make install

NOTE: where I did: ./configure --with-cards=indigoio --with-oss=yes --with-sequencer=yes You'd want to specify the card(s) that you will be using. Furthermore, if you have only just downloaded the source you do not need to do the steps: make clean; make mrproper... This is to be done if you previously compiled this sources, and these steps clean-up the old config and binaries for a fresh start.

NOTE: more than one soundcard: if you want to configure more than one card, you may type something like ./configure --with-cards=indigoio,hda-intel,hdsp --with-oss=yes --with-sequencer=yes. Use only "," between the drivers.

If you get errors at any stage, you may need to try the ubuntu IRC or forums -- please send me feedback so that I may make this page more useful! Contact Details (or edit it yourself, if you like.) This request applies to the following steps as well:

If all went well, then lets move on to the libs, firmware, and utils:

cd ../alsa-lib-1.0.12rc1
make clean
sudo make install

cd ../alsa-firmware-1.0.12rc1
make clean
sudo make install

cd ../alsa-utils-1.0.12rc1
make clean
sudo make install

sudo ln -s /usr/local/share/alsa/firmware /usr/share/alsa

Almost finished! Now, reboot your system, then run the alsa mixer to unmute and set your levels:

alsamixer -c0 -Vall
alsamixer -c1 -Vall

NOTE: the "-c#" tweak tells the alsamixer which device you want to configure, so you may have to consider the number of cards you have configured.

A final Caveat

When configuring more than one soundcard, it often appears that one card is the "first" device, other times it's an other. This has led to a lack of output because the System... Preferences... Sound control panel seems to only consider card "0" to be the default, even if you change it.

So, to make a long story short, you can ensure that one of your sound-devices is always "0" with this small modification:

Edit the following file with your favorite editor, e.g:

sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base

and append this to the bottom of the file, making adjustments as required for your setup:

options snd_hda-intel index=0
options snd_indigoio index=1
options snd_hdsp index=2

Midi Sequencer

If for any reason, you can't have the midi sequencer, just edit the /etc/module file with jack (for exemple with Uubntu Edgy, it appends...)

sudo gedit /etc/module

And add just "snd-seq".

Restart, it is done.

NB : To be sure that you need to do that, check if you have an error message about midi sequencer when launching Qjackctl or if Patchage don't start. This will correct this problem.


Here, don't hesitate to comment this page if you need it more complete or if you noticed a specific configuration tweak for a soundcard driver.

This document is well inspired from, I want to thank CurtisBrown for his work. I did this page after a lot of trials with different hardware and computer (laptop, desktop, integrated sound chipset, pci or pcmcia cards, etc...)


On my Sony vgn-tx2xp laptop, I experienced a strange problem with GDM when configuring the soundcard as described on this page : the welcome "tudum" sound play as a loop, and it cannot be stopped. It blocks the launch of Gnome when loging... I am trying to get some support about that. ttoine

latest stable drivers

Hi i followed this recipe, but instead of 1.0.13, i used 1.0.9a. It didnt work, eventhough it wasnt an rc release. Maybe you should state that people should use the "stable release download" on the alsa-project frontpage.[falkenberg_cph]

one vote for brilliant

This page is great! My echo layla24 PCI works perfectly so far on my (AMD optx2/64 with ASUS M2V) fairly mint install of Dapper -i386. The whole script went off without a hitch. Totally excited. I haven't tried to juggle two soundcards at once yet (would like to use the onboard sound for lightweight stuff) -the final couple of steps of the protocol. Will post again to report on how that works. I am just happy to be running the layla.

So far: recording with Ardour/Jack, playback with flash/realplayer/Kaffeine/juicer, OSS, ect, all working perfectly. echomixer is brilliant from the tools, much better than the Echo Windows rig- I give it a whole workspace and a button on the panel so everything is always perfectly tweaked. Have yet to try MIDI.

UbuntuStudio/HowToInstallTheLastAlsaDriverForProSoundCard (last edited 2008-08-06 16:31:55 by localhost)