InitScriptHumanDescriptions

InitScriptHumanDescriptions

Human-Readable Descriptions of init Scripts

Almost all the services started with init scripts in runlevels 2-3-4-5 and rcS.d do not have standard, "human readable" descriptions of their main behaviour. Often, the package description for these services is very cryptic and the common user will not readily understand the meaning. Boot-Up Manager will use this list to display the package description in its main view window.

The aim of this page is to collect as many scripts/services as possible, and give them a simple description together with a unique way to detect whether the service is running (usually, the daemon name). When completed, this list can be embedded in programs such as BUM, enabling them to display a simple and comprehensible text to the user. The related daemon column is intended to store the name of the daemon the service runs (if any).

Info (!) Please, feel free to update & expand this page.

Localization

Info (!) Thanks to its team of translators, Boot-Up Manager will handle the localized descriptions.


Script Name as in /etc/init.d

Current package description

New proposed description text

Related daemon

acct

The GNU Accounting utilities for process and login accounting

acpid

Utilities for using ACPI power management

Performs intelligent power management of your system

acpid

acpi-support

acpi-support is a collection of useful events for acpi

For laptops, does power management and enables hotkeys

*NONE*

aime

Advanced Interactive Mudding Environment

alsa

ALSA driver configuration files

Sound Architecture Services

anacron

A cron-like program that doesn't go by time

Runs system housekeeping chores on specified days.

*NONE*

apache

Versatile, high-performance HTTP server

Apache web server

apache/httpd

apache2

Next generation, scalable, extendable web server

Apache2 web server

apache2/httpd

atd

Delayed job execution and batch processing

Enables scheduling of jobs

atd

apmd

Utilities for Advanced Power Management (APM)

Monitors battery status for some older laptops

apmd

autofs

A kernel-based automounter for Linux

Automounter for Linux

autofs

avgd

AVG Anti-Virus daemon

avgd

bootlogd

Standard scripts needed for booting and shutting down

Saves messages at boot to a log file

bootlogd

capiutils

Utilities for CAPI-capable ISDN cards

Allows ISDN cards to use the CAPI interface

capifaxrecvd

capi4hylafax

Faxing over CAPI2.0 device

Enables faxing with CAPI-enabled ISDN cards

cron

Management of regular background processing

Runs system housekeeping chores on specified dates/times

cron

capisuite

Easy fax and voice box solution for ISDN/CAPI capable devices

Answering Machine & Fax for CAPI-enabled ISDN cards

?

cupsys

Common UNIX Printing System™ - server

Manages print jobs

cupsd

dbus-1

Simple interprocess messaging system

Delivers messages between applications

dbus-daemon-1

ddclient

Update dynamic IP address at DynDNS.org and other DNS hosts

Updates your details on DNS hosting providers

ddclient

dgc

Conexant DGC USB modem driver

Linux driver for Conexant USB hardware modem.

dgc

dhcp3-server

DHCP v3 Server

Provides IP addresses to clients via DHCP

dhcpd3

dictd

Dictionary Server

Dictionary Server

dictd

dirmngr

server for managing certificate revocation lists

dnetc

*NONE*

distributed.net client computing RC5 and DES projects on unused CPU cycles

dns-clean

A text menu based utility for configuring ppp

Configures your system for internet access via a modem

?

evms

Enterprise Volume Management System (core)

Hard Disk Volume Management

*NONE*

exim4

support files for all exim MTA (v4) packages

fam

File Alteration Monitor

Detects changes in files/directories

famd

fetchmail

SSL enabled POP3, APOP, IMAP mail gatherer/forwarder

Mail retrieval and forwarding utility

fetchmail

festival

general multi-lingual speech synthesis system

firestarter

Firestarter is a complete firewall tool for Linux machines.

iptables

firewall

script to start/stop IpTables Firewall

iptables

fnfxd

An ACPI and hotkey daemon for Toshiba laptops

Power and special key management for Toshiba laptops

gdm

GNOME Display Manager

Gnome Display Manager

gdm

gnunet

Secure, trust-based peer-to-peer framework

gpsd

GPS (Global Positioning System) service daemon

hdparm

Tune hard disk parameters for high performance

Tunes hard disk parameters for high performance

*NONE*

hddtemp

Utility to monitor the temperature of your hard drive

Monitors the temperature of your hard drive

heartbeat

Subsystem for High-Availability Linux

High-Availability Linux, used in failover and recovery scenarios

hotplug

Linux Hotplug Scripts

Detects new devices when plugged in

Check /proc/sys/kernel/hotplug

hpoj

HP OfficeJet Linux driver (hpoj)

HP OfficeJet Linux driver

ptal-printd

hsf

Conexant HSF softmodem

Conexant HSF softmodem

hsfdcpd

hylafax

Flexible client/server fax software - server daemons

Supports the sending and receiving of facsimiles

hfaxd

ifupdown-clean

High level tools to configure network interfaces

Tools to configure network services

*NONE*

inetd

The Internet Superserver

Manager for incoming Internet connections

inetd

inn2

'InterNetNews' news server

kdm

KDE Display Manager

Login manager for KDE

kdm

keytouch-init.sh

*NONE*

klogd

Kernel Logging Daemon

Logs important system events

klogd

laptop-mode

Userland scripts to control "laptop mode"

Automatically enables laptop mode when computer is running on batteries

*NONE*

libdevmapper1.00

The Linux Kernel Device Mapper userspace library

lirc

Linux Infra-red Remote Control support

lpd

BSD lpr/lpd line print spooling system

lvm

The Logical Volume Manager for Linux (common files)

Handles physical hard disk volumes in logical groups

?

makedev

Creates device files in /dev

Creates special files to interact with hardware

*NONE*

mdadm

Manage MD devices aka Linux Software Raid

Manages multiple disk devices for fault-tolerance

mdadm

module-init-tools

tools for managing Linux kernel modules

modutils

Linux module utilities

mpd

Music Player Daemon

Allows remote access for playing music

mpd

mysql

mysql database server binaries

Fast and stable SQL database server

mysqld

mysqld-ib

Infobright combines a column-oriented database with our Knowledge Grid architecture to deliver a self-managing data warehouse optimized for analytics.

Infobright SQL database server

mysqld

mysql-nbd

mysql database server binaries

Fast and stable SQL database server

mysqld

mysql-nbd-mgm

mysql database server binaries

Fast and stable SQL database server

mysqld

netapplet

User-friendly network interface control applet

Monitors and displays network activity

networking

Basic TCP/IP networking system

Manages your internet connection

*NONE*

nfs-common

NFS support files common to client and server

NFS support files common to client and server

nfs-common

ntpdate

The ntpdate client for setting system time from NTP servers

Updates the system's clock over the internet

nvidia-glx

NVIDIA binary XFree86 4.x/X.Org driver

NVIDIA video card management

*NONE*

pcmcia

PCMCIA Card Services for Linux

Manages the insertion/removal of Laptop cards

cardmgr

postfix

A high-performance mail transport agent

High performance Mail Server

master

powernowd

Control CPU speed and voltage using 2.6 kernel interface

Controls CPU speed and voltage to save power

powernowd

ppp

Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) daemon

Manages internet access via a modem

pppd

readahead

Read files into the page cache

Speeds up boot by starting operations early

rsync

Fast remote file copy program (like rcp)

Fast remote file copy program

rsyncd

samba

A LAN-Manager-like file and printer server for Unix

Shares files among computers on a local network

smbd

schoolbell

A web-based calendaring server

schooltool

A common platform for school administration

schroot

Execute commands in a chroot environment

screen-cleanup

A terminal multiplexor with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation

sl-modem-daemon

SmartLink software modem daemon

SmartLink modem management

slmodemd

spamassassin

Perl-based spam filter using text analysis

Spam filter

ssh

Secure shell server, an rshd replacement

Allows users to securely log into the machine remotely

sshd

squid

Internet Object Cache (WWW proxy cache)

Internet www proxy server

squid

sudo

Provide limited super user privileges to specific users

Allows specific users to gain superuser status

sysklogd

System Logging Daemon

Logs important system events

syslogd

tpb

Program to use the IBM ThinkPad™ special keys

Program to use the IBM ThinkPad™ special keys

tpb

tpconfig

Configure touchpad devices

udev

/dev/ management daemon

Creates new devices when plugged in

udevd

uml-utilities

User-mode Linux (utility programs)

vmware

*NONE*

Allows several OS running simultaneously in virtual machines.

vmware-serverd

webmin

Web-based administration toolkit

Web-based remote administration for this computer

miniserv.pl

vboxdrv

VirtualBox Linux kernel module

vboxdrv

vboxnet

VirtualBox permanent host networking setup

xfs

*NONE*

xfstt

X Font Server for TrueType fonts

xorg-common

X Window System (X.Org) infrastructure

Main Graphical Interface

Xorg

zope

Open Source Web Application Server

Open Source Web Application Server

zope

zope3

Open Source Web Application Server (Libraries)

xfstt

X Font Server for TrueType fonts

xorg-common

X Window System (X.Org) infrastructure

Main Graphical Interface

Xorg

asterisk

asterisk PBX

asterisk

svnserve

*NONE*

Standalone server for the Subversion version control system

svnserve

alsa-utils

ALSA utilities

re/store mixer settings

*NONE*

apparmor

Application Armor

allows the system administrator to associate with each program a security profile

*NONE*

brltty

BRLTTY daemon

provides access to the console (text mode) for a blind person using a braille display

*NONE*

console-setup

*NONE*

Set up the font and the keyboard on the console

*NONE*

halt

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

keyboard-setup

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

killprocs

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

linux-restricted-modules-common

*NONE*

helper scripts to handle linux-restricted-modules

*NONE*

lm-sensors

Lm-sensors

utilities to read temperature/voltage/fan sensors

*NONE*

loopback

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

mountoverflowtmp

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

memcached

*NONE*

memcache extension module for PHP

memcached

minissdpd

###

keep memory of all UPnP devices that announced themselves

*NONE*

nessusd

Nessus Security Scanner

Remote network security auditor, the server

*NONE*

nfs-kernel-server

NFS kernel server

the recommended NFS server for use with Linux

*NONE*

pcmciautils

PCMCIA utilities

PCMCIA initialisation tools

*NONE*

portmap

The RPC portmapper

server that converts RPC (Remote Procedure Call) program numbers into DARPA protocol port numbers

*NONE*

powernowd.early

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

pppd-dns

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

privoxy

Privacy enhancing HTTP Proxy

web proxy with advanced filtering capabilities for protecting privacy

*NONE*

procps

/proc file system utilities

provide information about the status of entries in its process table

*NONE*

pulseaudio

PulseAudio sound server

sound server

*NONE*

readahead-desktop

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

reboot

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

rmnologin

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

sendsigs

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

sensord

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

single

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

skeleton

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

stop-readahead

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

udev-finish

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

ufw

Ubuntu Uncomplicated Firewall

program for managing a netfilter firewall

*NONE*

umountfs

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

umountroot

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

urandom

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

vbesave

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

wpa-ifupdown

*NONE*

*NONE*

*NONE*

x11-common

X Window System (X.Org)

*NONE*

*NONE*

xserver-xorg-input-wacom

Wacom input driver

X.Org driver and udev support for Wacom tablet devices

*NONE*

stunnel4

SSL tunnel for network daemons

*NONE*

*NONE*

plymouth

bootsplash and user interaction utility

*NONE*

*NONE*

openarena-server

game server

*NONE*

*NONE*

irqbalance

distribute hardware interrupts across processors on a multiprocessor system

*NONE*

*NONE*

udevtrigger

Trigger kernel device uevents to replay missing events at system coldplug.

*NONE*

*NONE*

network-manager

automatic network detection and configuration

*NONE*

*NONE*

udevmonitor

print the kernel and udev event sequence to the console

*NONE*

*NONE*

avgd

AVG Antivirus dameons

*NONE*

*NONE*

qemu-kvm

QEMU KVM kernel module

*NONE*

*NONE*

slim

Simple LogIn Manager (like XDM or GDM)

*NONE*

*NONE*

miredo

Teredo IPv6 tunneling for Unix

*NONE*

*NONE*

speech-dispatcher

server process managing speech requests in Speech Dispatcher

*NONE*

*NONE*

tomcat6

Tomcat 6 servlet engine

*NONE*

*NONE*

gogoc

gogoCLIENT (IPv6 tunnel)

*NONE*

*NONE*

radvd

router advertisement daemon for IPv6

*NONE*

*NONE*

setvtrgb

set the virtual terminal RGB colors

*NONE*

*NONE*

ufw

program for managing a netfilter firewall

*NONE*

*NONE*

lightdm

X11 login / display manager

*NONE*

*NONE*

rsyslog

reliable and extended syslog daemon

*NONE*

*NONE*

timidity

MIDI emulation

*NONE*

*NONE*

hostname

set system network hostname

*NONE*

*NONE*

dmesg

kernel ring buffer

*NONE*

*NONE*

monit

utility for monitoring services on a Unix system

*NONE*

*NONE*

jetty

Jetty HTTP server and servlet container

*NONE*

*NONE*

openbsd-inetd

OpenBSD internet superserver

*NONE*

*NONE*

kerneloops

program to collect and submit kernel oopses to kerneloops.org

*NONE*

*NONE*

udftools

Call pktsetup to set up packet device associations

*NONE*

*NONE*

hdapsd

park the hard disk drive in case of an emergency

*NONE*

*NONE*

gdomap

GNUstep Distributed Objects name server

*NONE*

*NONE*

winbind

Name Service Switch daemon for resolving names from NT servers

*NONE*

*NONE*

rmcgroup

cgroup management

*NONE*

*NONE*

InitScriptHumanDescriptions (last edited 2013-01-15 01:19:42 by gaming4jc2)